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China

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Area: 5888268 km2
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Cities:
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
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Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

25.0%
Physical water supply
17.3%
Influent
15.4%
Access to Water Supply and Water Services
11.5%
Compliance with Local Regulations and Widely-Accepted Standards
9.6%
Socioeconomic and Reputation
5.8%
Land Use Issues
5.8%
Local Water Resource Governance
3.8%
Water Demand and Competition among Users
3.8%
Water Pricing
1.9%
Upstream Water Issues

Country Overview

1.1.1.WATER RESOURCES The average annual river runoff generated within the country is 2,711.5km3. Precipitation makes up 98 per cent of total river runoff, the remaining 2 per cent coming from melting glaciers. China can be divided into nine main river basin groups. In the north are the Song-Liao or Heilong (Amur)-Songhua, the Huai, the Huang (Yellow), the Hai-Luan and the interior or endoreic river basin groups. The total average annual internal renewable surface water resources (IRSWR) in these five river basin groups are estimated at 535.5km3, which is almost 20 per cent of the IRSWR of the country. In the south are the Chang (Yangtze), the Zhu (Pearl) and the southwest and southeast river basin groups. The total average annual ISRWR in these four river basin groups are estimated at 2,176.2 km3, which is just over 80 percent of the IRSWR of the country. In total, there are more than 50,000 rivers with basin areas of over 100km2, 1,500 of which have a basin exceeding 1,000km2. Rivers can be classified in two categories: rivers discharging into seas (outflowing rivers) and inland rivers running into depressions in the interior (endoreic basins). The total drainage area of the rivers flowing to the sea covers about 65 per cent of the country’s territory, by far the greater part draining to the Pacific Ocean and small areas draining to the Indian Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. Endoreic river basins cover the remaining 35 per cent of the country’s total area.

1.1.2.WATER USE In 2005, total water withdrawal was estimated at 554.1km3, of which 65 per cent (358km3) was for irrigation, 12 per cent (67.5km3) for municipal use and 23 per cent (128.6km3) for industry. In 1993, total water withdrawal was 525.5km3, of which 77 per cent (407.7km3) was for irrigation, 5 per cent (25.2km3) for municipal use, and 18 per cent (92.6km3) for industrial use. Agriculture is the main water withdrawal sector, but only 45 per cent is actually consumed by crops due to low efficiency in irrigation systems. However, this figure is comparatively high considering the cropping structure. The relatively poor water productivity in the country, US$3.6 per m3, is lower than the average of US$4.8 per m3 in middle-income countries, and much lower than the US$35.8 per m3 in high-income countries. The United Nations predicts that China’s population will increase from 1.2 billion to 1.5 billion between 2000 and 2030. The rapid urbanization of the population is expected to push demand to new heights. The expanding industrial sector is also greedy for water. The recycling rate in the industrial sector is only 40 per cent, compared to 75-85 per cent in developed countries.

1.2.WATER QUALITY, ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH China’s major environmental problems are: acid rain resulting from air pollution (greenhouse gases, sulphur dioxide particulates) from reliance on coal; water shortages, particularly in the north; water pollution; deforestation; the estimated loss of one fifth of agricultural land since 1949 to soil erosion and economic development; desertification; trade in endangered species. The first Law for Water Pollution Control came into force in 1984. This law soon became insufficient to meet the needs of economic development and environmental protection for several reasons: water pollution continued to increase, the targets of water pollution control changed greatly, and the legal measures for the control of point sources were unable to stop the decline of water quality. The law was therefore amended in 1996. Adopted in 2008, the newly amended version provides more detailed measures for preventing and controlling water pollution from various sources, makes clearer specifications of the responsibilities of different stakeholders and strengthens legal liabilities for water pollution.

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Organizations in China


A Tanzania consulting firm on development issues including water, sanitation, energy and climate change. Learn More

Artos group aims to reveal economically sustainable solutions to help solving problem of safe drinking water in small communities. That is why at Artos we have developed a product, called Healthy Water Maker, which can (by using the latest purifying ... Learn More

The Alliance for Water Stewardship (AWS) is a partnership of some of the world’s leaders in sustainable water resource management, bringing together businesses, multilateral agencies, governments, civil society and communities to drive consensus-based actions on shared water risk. At the ... Learn More

Aluminum Corporation of China is the world's second-largest alumina producer and third-largest primary aluminium producer (and the largest producer in China). The company is principally engaged in the extraction of aluminium oxide, electrolyzation of virgin aluminium and the processing and ... Learn More

Antea Group is an international engineering and environmental consulting firm with access to more than 3,000 consultants in over 100 offices around the world. Our Sustainability Practice brings together management consultants and technical experts offering solutions from strategy through implementation ... Learn More

Sustainability Consultancy Learn More

Production of chemicals and equipment for potable water treatment and industrial water preparing. Learn More

APP vision is to become the 21st century's premiere, world-class pulp and paper manufacturer dedicated to providing superior value to shareholders, employees and the community. Sustainable water management is one of its commitments to provide superior value. Learn More

The Asian Development Bank aims for an Asia and Pacific free from poverty. Approximately 1.7 billion people in the region are poor and unable to access essential goods, services, assets and opportunities to which every human is entitled. Since its ... Learn More

ASMAN Software Solutions Private Limited is a provider of cutting edge software consultancy, design and development services with headquarters in Hyderabad, India. The company made its inception into the IT arena in 2011 and offers a comprehensive range of Software ... Learn More

El GRUPO BIOSFERA, THINK TANK EN INVESTIGACIÓN DE FUTUROS SUSTENTABLES SAC. (BIOSFERA, INVESTIGACIÓN DE FUTUROS) es un equipo de análisis cuyo core business es la investigación prospectiva para la construcción de futuros deseables (futurables), asociados a la sustentabilidad (planeamiento estratégico ... Learn More

Baosteel is the fifth-largest steel producer in the world measured by crude steel output, with an annual output of around 35 million tons (China's total steel production in 2015 was 803.8 million tons). Learn More

Blue Planet Network provides a technology platform for funders to easily select, monitor, and manage WASH projects that have been peer reviewed and vetted for quality and sustainability. Each member project must pass a rigorous peer review and planning process ... Learn More

CAWST, the Centre for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology, is a non-profit organization that provides training and consulting to organizations that work directly with populations in developing countries who lack access to clean water and basic sanitation. CAWST "walks beside" ... Learn More

Ingenieria y Consultoría Ambiental. Learn More

The Centre for Advanced Research &amp; Development (CARD) is a non-government agency established, in India, with its Head quarters in Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh established in 1992. The CARD has been established to promote advanced research and to apply its ... Learn More

China Steel Corporation (CSC) produces a range of products including plates, bars, wire rods, hot and cold rolled coils, electrogalvanized coils, electrical steel coils, hot-dip galvanized coils, and Ti/Ni-base alloy. Learn More

China Water Risk is a non-profit initiative designed to help investors, businesses and individuals understand and mitigate risk around water. Learn More

Independent advisory company seeking to catalyse environmental investments Main focus areas within water issues: water and irrigation, water and sanitation, water and business risk Learn More

The Climate Connected Benefit Society is an industrial and provident society for the benefit of the community – a very simple funding vehicle, which allows ordinary, socially aware investors in the UK to put their capital to work in a ... Learn More

The Corporate Eco Forum (CEF) is an invitation-only membership organization for large companies that demonstrate a serious commitment to environment as a business strategy issue. CEF’s mission is to help accelerate sustainable business innovation by creating the best neutral space ... Learn More

“IC Medicals” and “ The Emission” are two genetically integrated global internet projects about informational copies of substances and biological objects. DST Foundation initiated the integration of these phenomenal projects in August 2009 as they both are based on usage ... Learn More

Deltares is an independent, institute for applied research in the field of water, subsurface and infrastructure. Throughout the world, we work on smart solutions, innovations and applications for people, environment and society. Our main focus is on deltas, coastal regions ... Learn More

Diageo plc is a British multinational alcoholic beverages company, with its headquarters in London, England. Diageo is the world's largest producer of spirits and a key producer of beer. Diageo's commitment to water stewardship is outlined in its Blueprint Water ... Learn More

Earthwatch is an International NGO which focusses on scientific research and education about environmental issues. Earthwatch run FreshWater Watch, an employee engagement programme which raises awareness of fresh water issues through hands-on Citizen Science Leader training days. In addition to ... Learn More

Developing European Environmental Policy The European Commission develops and implements EU policies by proposing laws to the European Parliament and Council of the European Union helping EU countries implement EU legislation managing the EU's budget and allocating funding ensuring that ... Learn More

First Climate is a globally leading provider of water project development and carbon offset services. We help our corporate clients across Europe, Asia-Pacific and the US to get engaged in water stewardship activities and manage and compensate their carbon emissions. ... Learn More

Future 500 is a non-profit consultancy that builds trust between companies, advocates, investors, and philanthropists to advance business as a force for good. Our organization formed in 1995 as a venue for corporations and environmental NGOs to debate the systemic ... Learn More

Global Compact Local Network Learn More

The Global Water Partnership (GWP) is a global action network with over 3,000 Partner organisations in 179 countries. The network has 68 accredited Country Water Partnerships and 13 Regional Water Partnerships. The network is open to all organisations involved in ... Learn More

Gold Hongye Paper Group manufactures and markets household paper under the VIRJOY, BREEZE, and ZHEN ZHEN brands in Asia. Its products include roll toilet paper, box facial, interfold facial tissue, interfold toilet paper, pocket facial, handkerchief, jumbo roll toilet, hand ... Learn More

Be a leader in water stewardship for the fashion industry, working both with reducing the water footprint of our value chain and engaging to promote better water governance in strategic, high risk river basins to secure availability and quality of ... Learn More

Since its foundation in May 2007, HYTECON has generated an established market position within the field of consulting services for water and technical hygiene related aspects, focussing especially on innovative and customer-oriented solutions. A highly experienced team of microbiologists and ... Learn More

Hainan Jinhai Pulp & Paper is the super-large pulp & paper company established by APP China in China's Mainland. Learn More

IMAECSED since 1995 is dedicated for philanthropic activities for the common people of the country and outside. Out of its other activities supply of Clean Water has taken as a most important works. Many places like School, Colleges, Offices, Industry ... Learn More

Purpose of the organization is to promote socio, economic and cultural advancement of weaker sections by education, training, research and field action programs. Specific focus is to promote awareness on water sanitation among rural poor communities and help them to ... Learn More

Manufacturing semiconductor products Learn More

Currently celebrating its 42nd year, ICCR is the pioneer coalition of active shareholders who view the management of their investments as a catalyst for change. Its 300 member organizations with over $100 billion in AUM have an enduring record of ... Learn More

The International Water Association (IWA) is an organisation that brings together people from across the water profession to deliver equitable and sustainable water solutions for our world. As a global network of water professionals, we seek to engage and partner ... Learn More

IWMI is one of 15 international research centers supported by the network of 60 governments, private foundations and international and regional organizations collectively known as CGIAR. It is a non-profit organization with a staff of 350 and offices in over ... Learn More

BETTER public private partnership, with partner company John Todd Ecological Design, involved in sustainable water and wastewater and waste to food design and project development worldwide. See www.betterp3.com and www.toddecological.com Learn More

As we share our water with the entire planet, we feel that it is a precious resource. We monitor how we use water at our factories and are constantly working on ways to reduce our consumption of fresh water resources. ... Learn More

A world leader in building materials, Lafarge employs 65,000 people in 64 countries, and posted sales of €15.8 billion in 2012. As a top-ranking player in its Cement, Aggregates and Concrete businesses, it contributes to the construction of cities around ... Learn More

National research lab part of DOE Learn More

Lien AID is an international non-profit committed to enabling sustainable access to clean water and sanitation for Asia’s rural poor. Founded in 2006, Lien AID focuses on community-based approaches in the delivery of multi-year WASH programmes. Through partnerships with local ... Learn More

Luxshare Precision is a global designer and manufacturer of cable assembly and connector system solutions for consumer, automotive, cloud, and enterprise applications. Learn More

Microsoft's mission is to empower every person and every organization on the planet to achieve more. Learn More

Every Drop: As in all other areas of our business, we work to get the basics right. In all our operations and across our supply chain, we strive to conserve and protect water. Without it, we have no business. Barley ... Learn More

NAQWA is a Russian company that develops and makes nano drinking water recoverers. Our product NAQWA SPRING Drinking Water Recoverer (NAQWA SWR, www.naqwa.com ) created and manufactured in Russia is intended to provide sustainable drinking water solutions first of all ... Learn More

NVH's mission is to provide low cost, low energy solutions for sanitation and ground water pollution. NVH partners with the Indian Ministry of Defence Research Laboratory to commercialise for global use an effective biological process creating potable water as only ... Learn More

Sunass regulates water and sewage companies, oversees quality of service standards, settles customer complaints and sets regulated prices. Learn More

Founded in 1983, Nautica is a leading water-inspired global lifestyle brand including men’s, women’s and children’s apparel and accessories and a complete home collection. At Nautica we celebrate, love and respect the water, everywhere, everyday. As a global lifestyle brand ... Learn More

A pioneer and the world-leading provider of Drip Irrigation solutions, Netafim is the largest player in the global irrigation industry. With 14 manufacturing facilities in 11 countries, 27 subsidiaries, and a strong global distribution network across 110-plus countries, Netafim combines ... Learn More

NIKE, Inc., based near Beaverton, Oregon, USA, is the world's leading designer, marketer and distributor of authentic athletic footwear, apparel, equipment and accessories for a wide variety of sports and fitness activities. Wholly-owned Nike subsidiaries include Converse Inc., which designs, ... Learn More

Ningbo Asia Pulp &amp; Paper Company Ltd. manufactures paper products. The Company mainly produces packaging paperboards. Ningbo Asia Pulp &amp; Paper markets its products both in domestic China and international markets. Learn More

Novozymes Purpose is "Together we find biological answers for better lives in a growing world". Our purpose is rooted in our heritage. It looks ahead to what we can achieve together with customers, consumers, governments, academia and others around us ... Learn More

Opportunity 2 Excel Company is a firm that provides general service, monitoring & evaluation, data collection, implementation plan, consultancy, supply, financial engineering, capacity building, feasibility studies, investment advisory services etc to clients. The company was established in 2007 and registered ... Learn More

We develop agroforestry projects within the supply chains of companies (Insetting) and value water benefits, among others. We develop as well a Trees4Water valuation tool that we would like to share with your platform. Learn More

We are an independent research institute that focuses on the legal challenges facing water supply infrastructure projects. The world's water infrastructure must adapt to climate change and extreme supply variations, and we research the legal road-blocks that stand in the ... Learn More

As a food and beverage company, PepsiCo is acutely aware of the critical role water plays in the food system. Our water strategy is designed to enable long-term, sustainable water security for our business and for local communities that depend ... Learn More

We are Ukrainian company SOUZ-CONTINENT. Our company has advanced innovative, high-tech development projects to work with the water is getting the alternate energy and water purification. Very interested in mutually beneficial cooperation for the prosperity of the world community. Learn More

Main focus is SUDS retrofit to tackle flooding and water quality problems in the City of Coventry, UK, and to provide biodiversity and amenity benefits to wildlife and citizens. Coventry has Living Lab Status and the group includes Coventry University ... Learn More

The Sindh Irrigation and Drainage Authority (SIDA) is an autonomous organization, taking over the Sindh irrigation and drainage system from the Sindh Irrigation and Power Department. It was established in 1997, an innovative act to devolve power in the water ... Learn More

Clean water for undeserved community Learn More

Solidaridad brings together supply chain actors and engages them in innovative solutions to improve production, ensuring the transition to a sustainable and inclusive economy that maximizes the benefit for all. Solidaridad works on creating sustainable supply chains from the producer ... Learn More

Christopher Gleadle brings Sustainability, and the Green Economy• to life and shows you how to capture, create and deliver more value: serve customers better, reduce costs and mitigate conspiring environmental and social risk to see opportunity for greater profit. His ... Learn More

The Coca-ColaCompany is the world's largest beverage company. The purpose of company is to refresh the world and make a difference. Our vision is to craft the brands and choice of drinks that people love, to refresh them in body ... Learn More

The mission of The Nature Conservancy is to conserve the lands and waters on which all life depends. We acheive this through the dedicated efforts of our diverse staff, including more than 550 scientists, located in all 50 U.S. states ... Learn More

The Third Pole is a forum for information and discussion about the Tibetan plateau and the rivers that originate there. Learn More

Thirst is an initiative of the World Economic Forum's Young Global Leaders, a unique, multi­stakeholder community of more than 700 exceptional young leaders who share a commitment to shaping the future. Thirst aspires to be the world's leading water community, ... Learn More

Trucost provides data and insight to help its clients understand the economic consequences of natural capital dependency. Our clients include companies and their advisors, the investment community, governments, academics and thought leaders. Learn More

Research Learn More

VILLAGES UNIS est une ONG Suisse, reconnue d’utilité publique au N° 080.913007 date de la décision 18/12/2013 et basée dans la république et Canton de Genève Elle est active dans les domaines de la coopération au développement, à l'aide humanitaire ... Learn More

Although the name has to change, the role of Wahana Visi remains the same: the main partner of World Vision in implementing most of World Vision intervention programs across Indonesia. In 2010, Wahana Visi implemented about 41 long-term and comprehensive ... Learn More

Wastewater Exchange is the designer and the implementer of the Ethical Water Exchange (all rights reserved) transforming wastewater into commoditised treated wastewater for the good sake of our health, planet, economy &amp; water resources as common good. Learn More

Water Canada is an influencer, a networker, and a newsmaker. Our editors and researchers know the industry and the people implementing plans and projects on the frontlines. Thousands of readers turn to us for exclusive, insightful content that speaks to ... Learn More

The Water Resilience Coalition, founded in 2020, is an industry-driven, CEO-led coalition of the UN Global Compact's CEO Water Mandate that aims to elevate global water stress to the top of the corporate agenda and preserve the world's freshwater resources ... Learn More

Water Technologies International (GR8 Water) is engaged in the manufacture and distribution of technologically advanced Atmospheric Water Generators (AWG). These unique devices utilize a patent pending air purification input system to produce clean, great-tasting, safe water from the humidity in ... Learn More

Wello is a social venture with a bold mission: to deliver clean water to a thirsty world. By reframing the water crisis as an opportunity, Wello has reinvented the wheel and developed an innovative and sustainable business model. THE WATERWHEEL ... Learn More

Promoting the use of innovative water-from-air tech for evaporation and condensate recapture &amp; reuse by communities and businesses resiliently adapting to global warming and responding to disasters. In arid and drying regions lacking or losing surface and groundwaters, atmospheric (clean) ... Learn More

Alegria activity S.L. produces special purpose mobile units. These mobile units are special purpose vehicles used to deploy any kind of service directly and easily to any location and social community in order to conduct turn-key campaigns in HEALTH, EDUCATION, ... Learn More

ÁLON connects people and resources to raise awareness, converge best practice and collaboration, to support the transition of industries, leaders &amp; lifestyles dependent on water – towards minimizing our water footprints. “We aim to shape consensus among pioneering Water Ambassadors ... Learn More

Projects in China


Inditex is now consider as one of the Detox leaders companies by Greenpeace because of it serious breaking with toxic water cycle, being among the first to publish data on discharge of hazardous chemicals from its suppliers on the Institute ... Learn More

Look to constantly develop manufacturing processes that are less water dependent, or do not require as high quality of water. Develop infrastructure to collect ground water or freshwater rather than being entirely reliant on municipal supply. Be prepared to factor ... Learn More

We have set up a strategy to reduce the amount of water used by investing in water recycling.Project ResultsWater efficiency through recycling. Learn More

Ecolab's manufacturing plant in Taicang, China, is the first site in the world to be independently certified under the Alliance for Water Stewardship's global standard for water stewardship. Learn More

Daikin Industries is securing rainwater and air conditioning drain water as a backup water supply. The company also reduced the amount of water it uses, for example, by cleaning purified sewage with activated carbon.Project ResultsReduced water use Learn More

Electrolux is working close with its OEM/ODM suppliers, and has carried out a risk assessment based on WWFs water risk tool. The suppliers are tracking water by source on a monthly base, and data is sent to Electrolux on a ... Learn More

Husqvarna Group has carried out a water risk study, based on WWF's water risk filter, for all our major operations on a river basin level to identify sites where water shortages or other types of risks could pose potential production ... Learn More

Globally we have established programs to help us drive water efficiency at our manufacturing sites and those platforms have helped us reduce our overall water footprint. The results of our global direct operations water risk assessment will further allow us ... Learn More

Globally we have established programs to help us drive water efficiency at our manufacturing sites and those platforms have helped us reduce our overall water footprint. The results of our global direct operations water risk assessment will further allow us ... Learn More

Through the Center for Environmental Leadership in Business (CELB), CI works in partnership with leaders in key industries to: reduce companies’ ecological footprint, harness the power of supply chains to drive the widespread adoption of good practices, invest strategically in ... Learn More

The Clean and Conserve Education Program is designed to help children ages four and older learn about water conservation and healthy hygiene practices through school and community educators, or on their own. The program has five educational components, divided by ... Learn More

Burberry has implemented a programme working closely with the Natural Resource Defense Council's Clean By Design programme to reduce water and energy consumption at key supply chain partner facilities.This programme assesses site level water and energy efficiency and identifies opportunities ... Learn More

Seven (7) institutions serving children with disabilities will be provided with water purification systems and water use stations (drinking and hand washing), with guaranteed service for 10 years (minimum). Included in project are 10 years monitoring, maintenance, and spare parts. ... Learn More

Unilever has committed to donating sanitizer, soap, bleach and food worth €100 million to those in need. Half of the donations will go to the World Economic Forum’s COVID Action Platform in support of global health organizations. The other half ... Learn More

This project implements water stewardship practices, particularly water savings (by reducing demand) and nature-based solutions that will increase the water supply to the basin. Learn More

This project implements water stewardship practices, particularly water savings (by reducing demand) and nature-based solutions that will increase the water supply to the basin. Learn More

In 2017, Inditex continued to integrate sustainability criteria for the use of water in all of its business areas, thanks to the implementation of its Global Water Management Strategy. The rational use of water and zero discharge commitment of undesirable ... Learn More

In 2013, Stora Enso Oyj and Kemira Oyj launched a joint project in the Guangxi Province of China called “Water stewardship - shared value creation”. The objective of the project is to promote responsible water management and community engagement. The ... Learn More

As part of our global program for direct suppliers, we ensure that compliance with waste water standards are enforced and work in improving efficiency in water intense processes such as denim production. We also screen our suppliers against publicly available ... Learn More

A plan of action was made to help reduce the water usage and create more awareness among the students about the importance of clean water and improved economic usage. Employees installed special valves at the 210 taps, repaired leaking water ... Learn More

Primark is also running a pilot programme in China with three key suppliers and chemical experts to test waste water discharges and improve understanding of chemical management practices within dyeing ills and washing units.Project ResultsDecreased use of chemicals in factories Learn More

Inspiring governance and sustainable river management, this program is working across the Yangtze River basin. This project involves training local residents to use a scorecard to track environmental indicators over time. Additionally, the project is developing and distributing materials on ... Learn More

KAO has set a goal to improve the water usage efficiency in the entire Group by 40% by 2020. Due to high water supply risk in the future, the plant has continued to reduce risks that may hinder business growth ... Learn More

Forests provide much of the world’s most biodiverse habitat on land, making their protection a priority for maintaining biodiversity. They also provide flood control and water regulation benefits. In 2011, we launched a new environmental initiative with funding to help ... Learn More

JTEKT and its major suppliers are together working on improvement activities with group targets set for reduction in water consumption in addition to data reporting on water consumption. We collect and share improvement examples of water consumption reduction at the ... Learn More

The “Longmen” pilot project includes a total of 10 hectares of green mandarin and alternate crops. The project aims to restore 43 hectares of secondary forest while setting up a water training school for waste water and drinking water management.Project ... Learn More

With the support of Danone ecosystem Fund, Danone waters china and IUCN co-created the "Longmen" pilot project on a total of 10 hectares of green mandarin and alternate crops. The project aims to restore 43 hectares of secondary forest while ... Learn More

Ford is continuing to develop a risk management strategy which includes information from internal databases, including supplier site location, and externally available data regarding water scarcity, pollution control, among others. Our primary response to this risk is that we use ... Learn More

In the state of Hidalgo, one of Mexico’s most arid regions where for water, indigenous communities there rely primarily on small springs, which are often polluted, and in some cases villagers have to walk nearly two hours to reach them. ... Learn More

Building on over a decade of focus on operational water efficiency, P&amp;G is now working towards a holistic water stewardship strategy throughout its value chain. An evaluation of water risks across the life cycle of its products helped P&amp;G select ... Learn More

The Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Initiative (PSCI) is a group of pharmaceutical and healthcare companies who share a vision of better, social, environmental and economic outcomes in the communities where we buy. We believe that collectively PSCI members can share knowledge ... Learn More

Project WET is currently active in more than 75 countries around the world through a network of partner organizations that range from small NGOs to major international corporations and organizations. We only go where we’re invited! We work with our ... Learn More

WWF has a water stewardship team in Shanghai that focuses on the Yangtze. Through our work with WWF, we know that significant collective action is underway in the basin. The largest threats include pollution, 105 large dams planned or under ... Learn More

In FY17, we continued to build on the successful project to recycle wastewater from the perfumery spray dryers at our Shanghai site, one of our higher water-stressed locations. An additional tank was added at the site and is dedicated to ... Learn More

We are working to integrate more sustainable materials, which are less vulnerable to climate and other environmental impacts, into our product design and sourcing practices. We are also working to use more sustainable fabrics and raw materials (such as Gap ... Learn More

In 2017 the water price increased by 1.1 RMB/m3 (before: 3.64 RMB/m3, now: 4.74 RMB/m3). While the water price increased, we worked on several water reducing countermeasures at the site. After the ramp up phase ended in 2015 the water ... Learn More

We use recycled water at the washing process. Cleaning is done in multiple stages, and the amount of drainage from the final process is high. This water is reused and so-called cascade cleaning is carried out.Project ResultsWater reuse Learn More

We have worked to align public policy positions with water stewardship goals and through the Alliance for Water Stewardship Standard, we have initiated additional deep-dive analysis of challenges and opportunities as well as shared risk in the basin. We are ... Learn More

We have worked to align public policy positions with water stewardship goals and through the Alliance for Water Stewardship Standard, we have initiated additional deep-dive analysis of challenges and opportunities as well as shared risk in the basin. We are ... Learn More

It is estimated that one in five people are employed in global supply chains. Corporations have the potential to play an influential role in the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 6, “ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for ... Learn More

From 2013 to 2014 Duratex developed the Evaluation of the Sustainability Index of Hydrographic Basins. This study was aimed at assessing the situation of the catchment basins where Duratex industrial units are located, considering aspects related to water, the economy, ... Learn More

This project is one of the 11 projects selected for implementation under Batch 5 of the Village Water Management (VWM) programme in China. The VWM programme for China was initiated in 2012 with 2 batches of clean water projects to ... Learn More

In 2016 the Chinese Volkswagen sites had their “Year of Water” during which several workshops were held to implement measures reducing the water demand.The following activities executed:• analysis of the existing water consumption data on shop floor or sub-shop floor ... Learn More

The plant currently reuses approx. 26,000m3 of water per year for Lime milk preparation, from backwash of demineralization Reverse Osmosis process and intermittent volumes of effluent water from regeneration of resin beds cycles. The plant cooling cycle is equipped with ... Learn More

To actively manage our potential risk from operating in areas of extreme water scarcity, Xylem proactively manages potential water-related risks at our facilities by equipping our facilities with Xylem technologies. We installed Xylem products such as Steady pumps, Lowara pumps, ... Learn More

Amkor is adopting water efficiency, water re-use, recycling and conservation practices and installing a water recycling system at its plant off the Huangpu River.Project ResultsWater recycling Learn More

Through LightStay, every hotel in our portfolio is required to regularly report and monitor all sources of water use against an improvement goal. In addition to this, hotels are required to always have an active water-related sustainability improvement project registered. ... Learn More

Pfizer has completed initial assessments of antibiotic discharges at all our Pfizer-owned and operated manufacturing sites and at our antibiotics suppliers in China. While many of these assessments indicate good practices are being implemented, work to further characterize risk and ... Learn More

Daiichi Sankyo is working on reducing water usage at its Yangtze River facility by utilizing recycled water.Project ResultsReduced water use Learn More

Daiichi Sankyo is working on reducing water usage at its Yongding He facility by utilizing recycled water.Project ResultsReduced water usage Learn More

We implemented several water saving measures in production, such as lowering the water flow rate in the cleansing process and water recycling.Project ResultsImproved water use efficiency. Learn More

A watershed assessment was conducted to better understand water sourcing risks, alternatives, and overall watershed conditions. Responses include continued water conservation measures in existing operations, increase in water storage capacity, and deployment of low/no water use processes such as air ... Learn More

Taihu Basin in China is a typical illustration of how water risk is shared among business, government and local communities. Hundreds of international and domestic brands are headquartered or source their products from the region, nearly 10,000 textile printing and ... Learn More

The facility located in this basin will undergo Alliance for Water Stewardship Standard (AWS) steps 1-3 by the year 2020. The AWS Standard steps 1-3 will enable each site in this basin to create a unique water stewardship plan that ... Learn More

The facility located in this basin will undergo Alliance for Water Stewardship Standard (AWS) steps 1-3 by the year 2020. The AWS Standard steps 1-3 will enable each site in this basin to create a unique water stewardship plan that ... Learn More

The facility located in this basin will undergo Alliance for Water Stewardship Standard (AWS) steps 1-3 by the year 2020. The AWS Standard steps 1-3 will enable each site in this basin to create a unique water stewardship plan that ... Learn More

“Water stewardship•shared value creation” project is a joint project implemented by Stora Enso and Kemira, with the purpose of promoting responsible water management and community engagement in Guangxi Province in Southern China, and the total investment is about 800,000 Euros. ... Learn More

In 2017, Tommy Hilfiger, in collaboration with other apparel companies, conducted water training for suppliers focused on water awareness and measuring impacts. We trained the supply base in the basin on how they contribute to water issues, and the measures ... Learn More

We are working as part of a business collective through the We Mean Business commitment (climate and water) as well as the NBI to drive partnership between business and government. We have developed a strong climate change response strategy and ... Learn More

TCCC and WWF implemented a sustainable agriculture demonstration project and a wetland restoration project in the Guangyuan Nanhe National Wetland Park. The objective was to demonstrate that sustainable agriculture practices reduce runoff and pollutant loading from agricultural lands and to ... Learn More

This pilot project between Coca-Cola and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) addresses the need for pollution mitigation as well as aquaculture development in Lake Wuliangsu. These two needs arise because wastewater from the City of Bayan Nur is discharged ... Learn More

The vision of the Resilient Asian Deltas (RAD) Initiative is that long term resilience of AsiaÕs delta systems is secured through unprecedented political and financial investment in Ôbuilding with natureÕ, which will protect and restore the natural river and coastal ... Learn More

SUEZ's new wetland concept known as the Zone Libellule (literally meaning Dragonfly Zones) is at the forefront of wetland conservation and restoration. This nature-based solution developed by SUEZ strengthens the treatment capabilities of the natural environment through bio-based filtration. Beyond ... Learn More

Suggested Resources

View the full list of 300+ resources at the Water Stewardship Toolbox

This Working Paper proposes a method whereby any decision-maker can calculate the cost required to deliver sustainable water management to a geography. Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

Inform and strengthen your company’s water management strategies and allow your investors to evaluate current water management activities against detailed definitions of leading practice. Learn More

Developers: Ceres

World Resource Institute's four Aqueduct assessment tools -- Water Risk Atlas, Country Rankings, Aqueduct Food, and Aqueduct Floods -- help companies, governments, and civil society understand and respond to water risks. These water risks include water stress, seasonal variability, pollution, ... Learn More

Developers: World Resources Institute

In this Nature feature, Johan Rockstrom and co-authors argue that identifying and quantifying planetary boundaries that must not be transgressed could help prevent human activities from causing unacceptable environmental change. Learn More

Nature-based solution (NBS) can improve degraded ecosystems, help sequester carbon, and manage the effects of climate change, including extreme weather events. Businesses are beginning to recognize the value of NBS for climate change mitigation, adaptation, and resilience. Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

Chem-MAP® is a ZDHC-approved program to improve chemical management in leather, textile, and synthetic materials supply chains. The program reduces chemical risk to customers. Learn More

Plan, Prepare and Respond- Breakdown for different industries on how to operate safely. Cleaning and disinfecting, Worker Safety, Support Resources, Mitigation Strategy Learn More

California and the federal government are providing broad assistance to small businesses and employers impacted by COVID-19. Learn More

This report presents analysis of the response data from a sample of 783 of the world’s largest publicly listed companies. The report is aimed at companies and investors seeking to understand how they can play their part in delivering a ... Learn More

The Toolbox connects your business to the latest tools, guidance, case studies, datasets, and more most relevant to you based on your circumstances and interests. It features more than 250+ resources from dozens of organizations and is updated every week. Learn More

Developers: CEO Water Mandate, Pacific Institute

Checklist for restoring water quality in buildings left unused for a long duration. Learn More

Developers: EPA Office of Wastewater Management

CDC/EPA Guidance for Cleaning and Disinfecting Includes Printable Materials Learn More

We’re here to help you overcome the challenges created by this health crisis. We offer multiple funding options for those seeking relief. Read more below. Learn More

This report makes the case for private sector investment in green infrastructure as part of a broader water stewardship approach. Learn More

Developers: BHP

The Cotton made in Africa standards comprise the Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) and the Cotton made in Africa-Organic (CmiA-Organic) Standard. The standards are intended to improve the living conditions of African smallholders and support sustainable cotton production. The standards ... Learn More

This guide aims to provide professionals with the practical information and resources to either start sourcing sustainable cotton or increase volumes. Learn More

Includes Immediate steps, ongoing health measures that can be taken, and responsible business practice Learn More

Based on the major combat guidelines set by the São Paulo State Government, Sabesp is fully engaged to endure COVID-19 pandemic within its operation area, which means 374 municipalities located throughout São Paulo state and home to about 28 million ... Learn More

Developers: Sabesp

Best practices- Resources- Webinars on WASH/COVID-19 topics. Learn More

Urban stormwater is becoming an increasingly important alternative water supply in California. However, current economic analyses do not adequately evaluate co-benefits provided by different stormwater investments. As a result, urban stormwater capture is undervalued. Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

ECO PASSPORT by OEKO-TEX is an independent certification for chemicals, colorants, and accessories used in textile and leather manufacturing. The certification verifies that each individual substance in the chemical product meets statutory requirements and does not harm human health. Learn More

The Fairtrade Cotton standard promotes sustainability and social responsiblity across the cotton supply chain. Learn More

NBS offer a promising contribution on how to enhance the availability and quality of water for productive purposes and human consumption, while preserving ecosystems. In this discussion paper, 21 case studies of water management processes are analysed, using a non-representative ... Learn More

FAO has been emphasizing the need to accelerate a global transition to sustainable food and agriculture systems, advocating an integrated approach. This document focuses on the management of water for agricultural use. Learn More

The GEMI Local Water Tool (LWT) helps organizations evaluate water-related external impacts, business risks and sufficiency of management plans at specific sites. Key Functions: Quantify water-related impacts caused by facility Quantify facility’s exposure to water-related risk Identify helpful management response Learn More

The Global Organic Textile Standard specifies a supply-chain textile processing standard that includes ecological and social criteria. The standard seeks to define worldwide requirements for textiles to be described as organic. These requirements cover the entire supply chain, from harvesting ... Learn More

The Global Water Footprint Assessment Standard can be used to provide comparable quantification and robust analytics, helping corporations, governments, and researchers manage water resources and achieve greater water sustainability. Learn More

The Green Supply Chain: Brand Map is a leadership initiative dedicated to showcasing brands’ commitment to supply chain transparency and environmental management. Learn More

This guide outlines why and how investors engage on agricultural supply chain water risk. Learn More

Developers: WWF

The Committee designed this document to guide the food industry and advise its sponsoring agencies in the implementation of HACCP systems. Learn More

Adapting to climate change, coupled with the need to address aging infrastructure, population growth, and degraded ecosystems, requires significant investment in natural and built water systems. These investments present a significant opportunity to support not only water, but to provide ... Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

The India Water Tool brings together 20 datasets and risk indicators to help users understand their water risks in India. Learn More

This ISO Standard helps to evaluate the sustainability of a product across its life cycle. Learn More

To provide guidance and a global framework for the design, verification and scaling up of Nature-based Solutions. The Standard includes globally consistent Criteria and Indicators, which are supported by the Principles for Nature-based Solutions, to measure the strength of interventions. Learn More

Developers: International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

Levi Strauss &amp; Co. has issued this standard to encourage preservation of fresh water through water recycling. Learn More

Developers: Levi Strauss & Co.

To help our partners in responding to this health crisis in their countries, we have compiled different resources and tools around COVID-19 and WASH, which include documents, videos, social media materials with messages on public health, webinar recordings, etc. Learn More

With special attention to resources for utilities, this page lists relevant guidance around water and COVID-19. Learn More

Developers: American Water Works Association

This page seeks to help water sector professionals keep informed on the attributions of the COVID-19 virus and any measures needed to protect both workers and public health, in general. Learn More

How to ensure the safety of staff and maintaining water quality in buildings with little or no use. Learn More

This article presents the state of knowledge with regard to human health and well-being from contact with nature. Learn More

The United Nations World Water Development Report for 2018. Learn More

This report seeks to provide an overview of the way in which the social and economic development of continental Asia is dependent on the resources of ten rivers. Learn More

Developers: China Water Risk

One Planet Approaches consist of a family of tools, methodologies, frameworks, programs, and action plans, which recognize the need to measure and reduce human impact in relation to the absolute boundaries of the Earth system. Learn More

Levi Strauss &amp; Co. chose to publish their innovative Water&lt;Less fabric finishing techniques to encourage water-saving practices across the apparel industry. Learn More

Developers: Levi Strauss & Co.

With private enterprises playing a critical role in contributing to the safety of their staff, it is important to change some of their core operations. This guide is meant as a stepping point to begin reopening with safety as a ... Learn More

TextileExchange's report offers personal accounts from fiber and materials experts “inside” the industry, demonstrating various company strategies and fiber priorities being implemented to achieve greater sustainability. Learn More

During an infectious disease outbreak, such as the current outbreak of COVID-19, small business owners must prepare for disruption in their business as well as prepare to protect their employees’ health and safety in the workplace. These steps are recommended ... Learn More

This report uses new data and calculations to show that investments in resource efficiency, secure work environments, and sustainable materials can benefit the environment and improve profitability. Learn More

This report shows how putting nature to work can help deliver infrastructure services with greater impact and lower cost, all the while reducing risks from disaster, boosting water security and enhancing climate resilience. Learn More

CottonConnect's Responsible Environment Enhanced Livelihoods Cotton (REEL COTTON) standard is a business-driven initiative that sources sustainable cotton to improve environmental, quality, and traceability conditions in supply chain factories and farms worldwide. Committed brands and their supply chains undertake a development-oriented ... Learn More

How to ensure the safety of staff and maintaining water quality in buildings with little or no use. Learn More

This report seeks to provide an overview of the three leading water tools available for corporate water risk assessment. Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

SAVEh is the platform through which Ambev shares its water management system free of charge with other companies, which has helped to reduce more than 40% of the company’s water consumption in the last 13 years. This water efficiency tool ... Learn More

Developers: Ambev S/A

The Colorado River Basin states face significant water challenges, including the overallocation of water, long-term drought, and climate change. This report, commissioned by the Walton Family Foundation, explores the potential for corporate water stewardship to help solve these challenges. Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

The City of Austin, Texas is facing an increasingly uncertain water future, from decreasing water supplies and more intense droughts to periodic flooding and water quality impairments. Austin is addressing these challenges head on, from investments in water efficiency and ... Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Compass Business Tools inventory maps existing business tools against the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It allows you to explore commonly used business tools that may be useful when assessing your organization’s impact on the SDGs. Learn More

This guide aims to help companies set effective site water targets that are informed by catchment context, which can create value and lessen risks for the company and support collective action. Learn More

Developers: CEO Water Mandate

The world’s water resources are under increasing pressure from rising water consumption, pollution, and climate variability. The variety of water challenges companies face, from water governance issues to extreme events like drought, manifest in the river basins where the companies ... Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

This report provides findings on good practices of AWS Standard implementation. Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

The Soil &amp; Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) is a small watershed to river basin-scale model used to simulate the quality and quantity of surface and ground water and predict the environmental impact of land use, land management practices and climate ... Learn More

In response to the challenge of quantifying the business benefits, WaterAid, Diageo, GAP Inc., and Unilever have worked with PwC and ODI to develop a practical, step-by-step guide. The guide will help companies understand the business value of their WASH ... Learn More

Developers: WaterAid

The Sustainable Rice Platform (SRP) Standard for Sustainable Rice Cultivation is the world’s first voluntary sustainability standard for rice. The standard is complemented by a set of 12 quantitative performance indicators. By identifying “hotspots,” the indicators enable users to monitor ... Learn More

The Forest Stewardship Council created the Principles of Forest Stewardship as a worldwide standard to promote environmentally responsible, socially beneficial and economically viable management of the world’s forests. Learn More

The AWS Standard is a globally-applicable framework for major water users to understand their water use and impacts, and to work collaboratively and transparently for sustainable water management within a catchment context. Learn More

Developers: Alliance for Water Stewardship

This paper provides examples of how to make progress in service delivery in and beyond the workplace. With private enterprises playing a critical role in contributing to the safety of their staff, it is important to change some of their ... Learn More

This discussion paper examines the need for companies to openly acknowledge and discuss the business dependency on consumption, exploring the topic through three different product examples – cars, beef, and clothing. Learn More

This special Academy session covered steps businesses can take to respect and support the rights and lives of women and girls during the COVID-19 pandemic. Learn More

‘The Five Goods’ stem from Fashion for Good’s robust definition of ‘good’ and intend to guide the sector with a genuine and accountable framework with the promise of social, economic, and environmental prosperity. Learn More

Measure the environmental and social impact of your apparel products and operations. Learn More

This case study looks closely at a pair of Levi Strauss &amp; Co. stone wash jeans with the goal of helping companies in the apparel sector take more effective and holistic approaches to the industry’s environmental impact. Learn More

Developers: Levi Strauss & Co.

This tool is an interactive map linking nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation outcomes based on a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature. Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

This report is a culmination of industry interviews, non-government organization inputs, and desk research, the report highlights practical examples for companies in the sector and beyond, grappling with how to integrate the SDGs into their core business and global supply ... Learn More

A deep dive into three areas for business action:1 Responsible Marketing 2 Accelerating Collaborative Action at the Country Level 3 Building Resilience and Good Practice Solutions for Business Learn More

This report explores the possibilities of scaling a circular economy, given the reality of the global economy and the complexity of multi-tier supply chains. Learn More

Developers: World Economic Forum

ToxServices' Full Materials Disclosure Screened Chemistry Program (ToxFMD®) promotes chemical optimization through chemical hazard assessment, hazard reduction, and informed substitution. ZDHC members use the program to document conformance with the ZDHC MRSL. Learn More

Water is the lifeblood of California, providing for the household needs of 40 million people and supporting one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world, various commercial and industrial activities, and the health and viability of the state’s ... Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

Evaluate the current status of access to safe WASH at the workplace in a given facility of your company. Assess the current status of access to safe WASH at the workplace in a given facility Support decision-making regarding investments and ... Learn More

ILO Sectoral Policies and Governance and Tripartism Departments present four self-training modules, which adapt existing ILO training tools on OSH to provide governments, workers and employers with the necessary skills to implement the general principles contained in relevant ILO instruments. ... Learn More

This UN World Water Development report evaluates the vast quantities of domestic, agricultural and industrial wastewater discharged into the environment everyday as a valuable resource rather than costly problem. Learn More

Companies are increasingly setting and pursing ‘water balance targets’ as part of their water stewardship strategies. The seeming simplicity of balance goals can be attractive – “we will restore a volume of water equal to the amount our business consumes.” ... Learn More

Developers: WWF

This report calls for an integrated approach that brings together governments, water users, and the society at large including the private sector, NGOs, and academia to design smart, adaptable and sustainable solutions for water infrastructure impacted by climate change. Learn More

The Water Risk Filter can be used to assess and respond to water related risks for your own operations, suppliers, or growth plans. Learn More

Developers: WWF

The Water Risk Filter can be used to assess and respond to water-related risks for your own operations, suppliers, or growth plans. Learn More

Developers: WWF

Safely managed water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services are an essential part of preventing and protecting human health during infectious disease outbreaks, including the current COVID-19 pandemic. Learn More

These guidelines intend to help close the knowledge gap on wastewater treatment technologies and motivate relevant facilities in the apparel and footwear industry to implement the professional treatment systems necessary to meet the ZDHC Wastewater Guidelines. Learn More

World Resources Institute Learn More

CEO Water Mandate; CDP; The Nature Conservancy; World Resources Institute; WWF Learn More

The Sustainable Business Group; The Sustainable Fashion Academy; The Global Leadership Award in Sustainable Apparel Learn More

Swedish Textile Water Initiative Learn More

Lillian Holmes
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