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Amazon
Area: 5888268 km2
Countries:
Brazil; Peru; Suriname; France; Colombia; Guyana; Bolivia; Venezuela; Ecuador
Cities:
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
PFAF ID:
HydroBasin Level:
Baseline Water Stress:
Water Quality Stress:
Sanitation Access Stress:
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2.52 out of 5
WWF Country Risk Score
129 out of 248 Countries
WWF Country Rank
Total Organizations: 31
Total Projects: 28
Priority SDGs: Sustainable Agriculture (SDG 2.4)
Increase Access to Water, Sanitation, Hygiene (SDG 6.1 & 6.2)
Water Quality (SDG 6.3)
Water Use Efficiency (SDG 6.4)
Integrated Water Resource Management (SDG 6.5)
Protect and Restore Ecosystems (SDG 6.6)
International Cooperation and Capacity Building (SDG 6.a)
Stakeholder Participation (SDG 6.b)
Water-Related Disaster Management (SDG 11.5)
Sustainable Production (SDG 12.4)
Climate Resilience and Adaptation (SDG 13.1)
Priority Regions: Rhine
Rhone
Seine
Priority Industries: Apparel
Biotech, health care & pharma
Power generation
Retail
Services
Organization Types:
55%
Business
19%
NGO / Civil Society
10%
Utility / Water Service Provider
10%
Multi-stakeholder Organization
3%
Coalition / Consortium
3%
Government
Profile Completion: 73%

Water-Related Challenge Costs

Total annual estimated cost to address all water-related challenges: $17,217,439,902.00

Share of total annual estimated cost to address each individual challenge (2015 $USD):

  • Access to Drinking Water: $709,318,713.00 - [4%]
  • Access to Sanitation: $724,035,510.00 - [4%]
  • Industrial Pollution: $1,724,338,082.00 - [10%]
  • Agricultural Pollution: $757,448,912.00 - [4%]
  • Water Scarcity: $10,432,725,368.00 - [61%]
  • Water Management: $2,869,573,317.00 - [17%]

For more about this data, see information on WRI’s Achieving Abundance dataset here.

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

33.3%
Physical water supply
16.7%
Access to Water Supply and Water Services
16.7%
Land Use Issues
16.7%
Local Water Resource Governance
16.7%
Water Demand and Competition among Users

Country Overview

1.2.WATER QUALITY, ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH There has been a change in nitrate levels in the water, although this varies considerably over time and space, and notably in tap water, for which the World Health Organisation (WHO) has set an acceptable threshold of 50mg/l. Estimates show that responsibility for nitrogen discharges into the natural environment lies with agricultural activities for 55%, domestic activities for 35%, and industrial activities for 10%. The quantity of chemical nitrogenous fertilizer spread on a national basis comes to 90kg/ha/year, in addition to 50kg/ha/year for livestock farming effluent. The highest levels can be seen in cereal crop and market gardening areas and in intensive livestock farming areas, where the production of farm fertilizer spread often exceeds the purification capacities of soil and crops. Although current knowledge is still incomplete, phosphorous is deemed to be the key factor for managing eutrophication for internal soft water bodies. The estimates made attribute 25% of discharges into the water to agricultural activities, 50% to domestic activities, and 25% to industrial activities. The quantities of phosphorous spread come to around 30kg/ha/year, of which 60% is from chemical sources. These chemical phosphorous inputs have fallen 50% over 20 years. However, phosphorous inputs from farm fertilizers are concentrated in areas with intensive livestock farming, where phosphorous levels in soils are already high. A report published by the French Environment Institute (IFEN, 2006) reveals that 96% of controls on surface waters and 61% of controls on groundwaters indicate pesticide contamination.

2.2.WATER MANAGEMENT The European Water Framework Directive prescribes that management activities should aim to achieve the goals of the Directive within geographical areas or river basin districts (RBDs). These are based largely on surface water catchments, together with the boundaries of associated groundwater and coastal water bodies. For each RBD, the first milestone of this planning process is the initial river basin management plan (RBMP) which: -records the current status of water bodies within the river basin district; -sets out the measures planned to meet the objectives; -acts as the main reporting mechanism to the Commission and the public. The whole process of river basin management planning includes the preparation of programs of measures at basin level for achieving the environmental objectives of the Water Framework Directive cost-effectively. Basic measures include control of pollution at source through the setting of emission limit values and environmental quality standards. The use of economic instruments, such as water pricing, is part of the basic measures. Here, in particular, the ‘polluter pays’ principle should be taken into account. The planning, implementation, and evaluation of the program of measures is an iterative process that will probably include the RBMP of the first (2009), second (2015) or further cycles (2021, 2027)

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Organizations in France


The company was founded for this moment, on a combined conviction in the power of human ingenuity and the potential of practical action to solve the problems of the decisive decade, and make sustainability happen. We believe that productivity and … Learn More

Created in 2005, AquaFed is the International Federation of Private Water Operators. AquaFed represents more than 400 private operator providing water and sanitation services in more than 40 countries worldwide. According to GWI (2013), over 1 Billion people count on … Learn More

Artos group aims to reveal economically sustainable solutions to help solving problem of safe drinking water in small communities. That is why at Artos we have developed a product, called Healthy Water Maker, which can (by using the latest purifying … Learn More

ASMAN Software Solutions Private Limited is a provider of cutting edge software consultancy, design and development services with headquarters in Hyderabad, India. The company made its inception into the IT arena in 2011 and offers a comprehensive range of Software … Learn More

Blue Planet Network provides a technology platform for funders to easily select, monitor, and manage WASH projects that have been peer reviewed and vetted for quality and sustainability. Each member project must pass a rigorous peer review and planning process … Learn More

Ingenieria y Consultoría Ambiental. Learn More

We are committed to conducting our business in an environmentally responsible manner, supporting the long-term health of the planet, the success of customers and our people. Our environmental sustainability strategy aims to drive climate action throughout our value chain, use … Learn More

To create and implement innovative, environmentally friendly wastewater treatment and reuse solutions for any situation anywhere in the world. System O)) are various certified wastewater treatment solutions in terms of performance by the United States, Canada, Europe, and many others. … Learn More

French multinational food-products corporation based in Paris. With four business lines: Fresh Dairy products, Waters, Early Life Nutrition and Medical Nutrition. Our mission is to bring health by food to as many people as possible. Learn More

ENGIE is a French multinational energy utility company, headquartered in La Défense, Courbevoie, which operates in the fields of electricity generation and distribution, natural gas, nuclear, renewable energy, heating and cooling district networks, and energy services. Learn More

Ecolab is the global leader in water, hygiene and climate technologies and services that protect people and vital resources. With 2019 sales of $13.5 billion and 50,000 associates, Ecolab delivers comprehensive solutions and on-site service to promote safe food, maintain … Learn More

The EDF Group is the world leader of electricity production, with an historical background of public services, providing energy and innovative services to more than 38 million customers worldwide. For many years, EDF has been developing specific skills in the … Learn More

Essilor International S.A. is a French-based international ophthalmic optics company that designs, manufactures and markets lenses to correct or protect eyesight. Learn More

Our mission is to change how we deal with difficult, everyday spills and contaminated floors both in everyday life and also at work. Our innovations prevent significant water wastage in key high-use sectors, as well as improve efficiency, performance, hygiene … Learn More

Future 500 is a non-profit consultancy that builds trust between companies, advocates, investors, and philanthropists to advance business as a force for good. Our organization formed in 1995 as a venue for corporations and environmental NGOs to debate the systemic … Learn More

IQ Consult is the initiator and promoter of our CisWEFE-NEX Horizon Europe IA proposal for a "Circular Systemic Water-Energy-Food-Ecosystems (WEFE) Nexus CCRI Demonstrator for Regions facing Severe Water Stress". For more info about CisWEFE-NEX pls. visit https://view.genial.ly/63fc9c2c092f88001737a3bb/interactive-content-ciswefe-nex-interactive-concept-flow-chart Learn More

Purpose of the organization is to promote socio, economic and cultural advancement of weaker sections by education, training, research and field action programs. Specific focus is to promote awareness on water sanitation among rural poor communities and help them to … Learn More

Currently celebrating its 42nd year, ICCR is the pioneer coalition of active shareholders who view the management of their investments as a catalyst for change. Its 300 member organizations with over $100 billion in AUM have an enduring record of … Learn More

Ipsen is based out of Paris, France and is a global biopharmaceutical group based dedicated to improving lives through innovative medicines in Oncology, Neuroscience and Rare Diseases. Learn More

For as long as nearly 70 years since its founding in 1949, Kurita Water Industries has been consistently operating in two areas of "water and the environment." To cater to diverse customer needs, the Kurita Group provides comprehensive solutions by … Learn More

L’Oréal has set itself the mission of offering each and every person around the world the best of beauty in terms of quality, efficacy, safety, sincerity and responsibility to satisfy all beauty needs and desires in their infinite diversity. Learn More

A pioneer and the world-leading provider of Drip Irrigation solutions, Netafim is the largest player in the global irrigation industry. With 14 manufacturing facilities in 11 countries, 27 subsidiaries, and a strong global distribution network across 110-plus countries, Netafim combines … Learn More

The company specializes in innovative water treatment solutions with the use of renewable energy. Climate change and demographic growth will double the water demand by 2030 (UN). More than 3.9 billion people may suffer from the lack of water by … Learn More

We develop agroforestry projects within the supply chains of companies (Insetting) and value water benefits, among others. We develop as well a Trees4Water valuation tool that we would like to share with your platform. WE REGENERATE ECOSYSTEMS TO IMPROVE LIVELIHOODS … Learn More

The Pacific Institute envisions a world in which society, the economy, and the environment have the water they need to thrive now and in the future. In pursuit of this vision, the Institute creates and advances solutions to the world’s … Learn More

Based out of France, Sodexo is a food and facilities management company. The company develops, manages and delivers a unique array of On-site Services, Benefits &amp; Rewards Services and Personal and Home Services for all its clients to improve their … Learn More

Trucost provides data and insight to help its clients understand the economic consequences of natural capital dependency. Our clients include companies and their advisors, the investment community, governments, academics and thought leaders. Learn More

Veolia group aims to be the benchmark company for ecological transformation. In 2022, with nearly 220,000 employees worldwide, the Group designs and provides game-changing solutions that are both useful and practical for water, waste and energy management. Through its three … Learn More

The Foundation supports community-oriented, nonprofit projects contributing to sustainable development, in France and abroad. Its priority areas of action are humanitarian emergencies and development aid, employment and social links, and environmental conservation and biodiversity. Its takes an original approach by … Learn More

WASH is critical to leading healthy lives. Yet billions of people every day still do not have access to safe and clean water for drinking or washing, toilets and basic hygiene requirements to ensure that they stay healthy and well. … Learn More

Water Canada is an influencer, a networker, and a newsmaker. Our editors and researchers know the industry and the people implementing plans and projects on the frontlines. Thousands of readers turn to us for exclusive, insightful content that speaks to … Learn More

Projects in France


Technical study with hydrogeologist to check ground water quality and potential impact. Collaboration with regional authorities to engage with stakeholders about the governance of the water source. Modification of a process (fermentation conditions) to reduce the amount of sodium (-30%) … Learn More

A small water treatment facility is implemented and entrusted to a local operator trained to become a true entrepreneur. The water is sold at an affordable price, guaranteeing access to safe water for the villagers and the sustainability of the … Learn More

Veolia activated its continuity of service plan at the start of the pandemic, balancing containment measures with essential service delivery of drinking water, sanitation, and waste management. This plan is tailored to each country and business and includes remote working … Learn More

This project implements water stewardship practices, particularly water savings (by reducing demand) and nature-based solutions that will increase the water supply to the basin. Learn More

In addition to continuing essential services, Veolia is providing water and hygiene services to those who are at risk. The Veolia Jonage site has provided 55 housing units to vulnerable people to ensure their access to basic hygiene conditions. Veolia … Learn More

Veolia Foundation is working with the French Red Cross’ integration arm and the NGO Solidarités International to produce and distribute hygiene kits. In France, the Veolia Foundation is distributing hygiene kits and helping to set up temporary water access to … Learn More

Wastewater treatment and desalted water can contribute to compensate the gap between available and needed water, and provide regular water supply throughout the year. FIT4REUSE, well aware of the existing baselines in different parts of the region, will contribute to … Learn More

The goal is to reduce water losses in the network and thus reduce the volume of surface water collected and the associated discharges. A global program was implemented including maintenance of the condensate return system and optimization of water uses. … Learn More

The Group has developed a set of solutions tailored to the local context, ensuring everyone has access to high-quality services. ACCES expertise (technical, financial, institutional, or societal engineering) is a good example of Veolia�s strategy and commitment. It is broken … Learn More

Despite increasing rates of access to improved water sources (68% in 1992-93 to 89.9% in 2015-16), India continues to face its worst water shortage in history. Approximately six hundred million people are affected by high to extreme water shortages, according … Learn More

Despite increasing rates of access to improved water sources (68% in 1992-93 to 89.9% in 2015-16), India continues to face its worst water shortage in history. Approximately six hundred million people are affected by high to extreme water shortages, according … Learn More

Danone seeks to reduce water consumption in its plants. Part of this target is achieved by industrial investment dedicated to water consumption reduction. In addition the WaterWatcher tool allows monitoring of water use in the bottling sites and helps identify … Learn More

L’Oréal has announced its new environmental and social program, “L’Oréal for the future” which will commit €100m in impact investments to protect the environment and €50m to support vulnerable women. L’Oréal intends for this program to help respond to the … Learn More

We support the Mogi+çgua project, created by Instituto Trata Brasil and the Municipal Agriculture Department of Mogi das Cruzes (SP), which works to install portable sewage treatment plants in rural properties in the municipality. The technology used in the program … Learn More

Project WET is currently active in more than 75 countries around the world through a network of partner organizations that range from small NGOs to major international corporations and organizations. We only go where we’re invited! We work with our … Learn More

PUR Hexagone is a program aiming at planting trees and shrubs in parts of France, in close partnership with farmers and land owners willing to improve their crops systems through agroforestry. This program aims at supporting: Biodiversity Soils fertility improvement … Learn More

The area of southern France is impacted by high growth in the use of groundwater. This has put the resource in high demand. Water managers in the area are looking for opportunities to increase water use efficiency and reduction in … Learn More

As part of CCEP’s This is Forward Sustainability Action Plan, we have a target to reduce our total water use by 20% from a 2010 baseline by 2025. We measure this reduction through our water use ratio (the ratio of … Learn More

In addition, following the success of our water replenishment projects in the UK we expanded our partnership with WWF to the Camargue region in France. The project, run in partnership with The Coca-Cola Company, leveraged $850,500 in funding from the … Learn More

The work consisted of creating multiple channels along the original bed. Some of the earthwork was done in the standard manner with machines designed for wetlands. The rest was done by the river itself which carved out its bed in … Learn More

L'Oréal has developed an e-learning module called #SafeTogether that updates employees on the L'Oréal Group’s workplace hygiene and health protocols, including best handwashing practices. L'Oréal requires its employees to take the module, available in 14 languages, before returning to work. … Learn More

SuWaNu Europe is a project focused on the reuse of treated wastewater in agriculture. The reason behind is that wastewater when treated according to appropriate standards and methods has a strong potential to complement conventional water resources used in agricultural … Learn More

Veolia�s SWARM service offering, designed around connected multi-parameter sensors, enables unusual changes in the quality of surface water to be rapidly detected. The buoy measures the main water quality parameters and communicates the data real time for analysis. In addition … Learn More

This project fosters the sustainability of local farming. By preserving the quality of drinking water, it avoids the use of water purification treatments for rural communities. Terragr'Eau also promotes local development by creating 11 jobs. Evian protects its impluvium area … Learn More

Summary of action Annual flooding is commonplace in some parts of the world, including where the company operates. Over the last 17 years to address this issue, LafargeHolcim has worked with the local municipality of Bellegarde in the south of … Learn More

We use a large amount of water from raw material crude procurement to Kampo preparation. In Tsumura Group both in Japan and overseas, as one of the medium-term environmental goals, we are working on quantitative goals for water resource protection … Learn More

As part of CCEP’s This is Forward Sustainability Action Plan, we have a target to replenish 100% of the water we use in our drinks, where sourced from areas of water stress, used in our beverages, by 2020. We engage … Learn More

Danone's immediate priority wherever we use water is to improve the efficiency of water use and reduce the impact of industrial processes on its quality. Our goal is to manage water quality and quantity risks at the watershed level and … Learn More


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