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Bangladesh

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Bangladesh

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Area: 5888268 km2
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Quick Info

3.05 out of 5
WWF Country Risk Score
37 out of 248 Countries
WWF Country Rank
Total Organizations: 13
Total Projects: 26
Priority SDGs: Increase Access to Water, Sanitation, Hygiene (SDG 6.1 & 6.2)
Water Quality (SDG 6.3)
Water Use Efficiency (SDG 6.4)
Integrated Water Resource Management (SDG 6.5)
Protect and Restore Ecosystems (SDG 6.6)
International Cooperation and Capacity Building (SDG 6.a)
Stakeholder Participation (SDG 6.b)
Sustainable Agriculture (SDG 2.4)
Priority Regions: --
Priority Industries: --
Organization Types:
54%
NGO / Civil Society
15%
Business
15%
International Organization
8%
Coalition / Consortium
8%
Individual / Sole Proprietor
Profile Completion: 82%

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

33.3%
Access to Water Supply and Water Services
33.3%
Compliance with Local Regulations and Widely-Accepted Standards
33.3%
Water Demand and Competition among Users

Country Overview

1.1.1.WATER RESOURCES The Meghna River flows southwest, draining eastern Bangladesh and the hills of Assam, Tripura and Meghalay in India to join the Padma river at Chandpur. The Meghna then flows south for 160km and discharges into the Bay of Bengal. The combined discharge of the three main rivers is among the highest in the world. Peak discharges are of the order of 100,000m3/s in the Brahmaputra, 75,000m3/s in the Ganges, 20,000m3/s in the upper Meghna and 160,000m3/s in the lower Meghna. There are 230 rivers criss-crossing the country, most of which are either tributaries or distributaries to the GBM river systems. The total length of the river courses is approximately 24,000km and the total catchment area of the GBM is about 1.75 million km2, of which only 7 per cent lies within Bangladesh. There are 57 trans-boundary rivers in the country, of which 54 are shared with India and the remaining 3 originate in Myanmar. On average, almost 1,106km3 of water crosses the borders of Bangladesh annually, of which 85 per cent is between June and October. Around 54 per cent (599km3) is contributed by the Brahmaputra, 31 per cent (344km3) by the Ganges and nearly 15 per cent (163km3) by the tributaries of the Meghna and other minor rivers. Because of the great disparity between the monsoon floods and the low flow during the dry season, the manageable surface water resources are considered as 80 per cent of the dependable flow in March. Surface water resources are used extensively for dry season irrigation, mainly for Boro rice using low-lift pumps (LLPs) and traditional devices. The availability of groundwater resources in Bangladesh is determined by the properties of the groundwater storage reservoir and the volume of annual recharge. Key factors that determine groundwater availability include the capacity of the country’s aquifers to store water and the extent of economic withdrawal of groundwater for irrigation, domestic and industrial needs. The sources of recharge are rainfall, flooding, and stream flow in rivers. The quaternary alluvium of Bangladesh constitutes a huge aquifer with reasonably good transmission and storage properties. Heavy rainfall and inundation during the monsoon help the aquifers to be substantially recharged annually. A regional groundwater recharge assessment was undertaken in 1987 by Master Plan Organization (MPO) under the National Water Plan (NWP) of the Ministry of Water Resources. MPO updated the groundwater resources assessment during the NWP Phase–II in 1991, and the average annual available groundwater recharge for the country was estimated at 21km3. The internal renewable water resources are estimated at 105km3 per year. The overlap being considered negligible, this includes 84km3 of surface water produced internally as stream flows from rainfall and about 21km3 of groundwater resources produced within the country. Part of the groundwater comes from the infiltration of surface water with an external origin. Since annual cross-border river flows and entering groundwater are estimated to be 1,105.64km3, the total renewable water resources are estimated at 1,210.64 km3. In 2007 there was only one multi-purpose dam, located at Kaptai in Rangamati Hill district. The total capacity of this dam is 20.3km3. In addition, there are three barrages constructed across the Teesta, Tangon and Manu rivers, which are used as diversion structures for irrigation purposes only. In 1995, the installed capacity of all the country’s power plants was about 2,907MW, of which about 230MW was hydroelectric.

1.1.2.WATER USE In 2008, the total water withdrawal was estimated at about 35.87 km3, of which about 31.50km3 (88 per cent) was for agriculture, 3.60km3 (10 per cent) for municipalities and 0.77km3 (2 per cent) for industries. Approximately 28.48km3, or 79 per cent of the total water withdrawal, comes from groundwater and 7.39km3, or 21 per cent, from surface water. Only about 15km³ annually, or about one per cent of total water resources, is withdrawn for human use. Of the total withdrawal, 86 per cent is for agriculture, 12 per cent for domestic water supply and 2 per cent for industry. Out of the total consumptive use of water (withdrawals minus return flows), 73 per cent is used for agricultural purposes and 20 per cent for evaporation in forests, water bodies, charland, and urban and rural environments, leaving 7 per cent for water supply and sanitation. Although population growth has slowed to less than two per cent per year, it is predicted that Bangladesh's total population will increase from 129 million people in 2000 to 181 million by 2025 and 224 million by 2050, accompanied by an increased demand for water.

1.2.WATER QUALITY, ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH Many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land. Other major environmental problems include: waterborne diseases prevalent in surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, resulting from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contamination by naturally occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; and severe overpopulation. Due to the limited availability of surface water during the dry season, groundwater has become an increasingly important source of water for irrigation, municipal and industrial purposes. A number Country Overview - Bangladesh of adverse effects have been observed due to over-exploitation of groundwater, such as the lowering of water tables, reductions in dry season flows of rivers and streams, groundwater pollution, the intrusion of saline water in coastal areas, ecological imbalance and possible land subsidence. There has been evidence of permanent depletion of groundwater levels in some locations, particularly in the Dhaka metropolitan area, where the average annual decline in the water level is about 3m, and in the northwest region of the country. The area salinized by irrigation was estimated at 1,000km2 in 1993. Irrigation water quality has deteriorated in some locations due to pollution with agrochemicals, industrial waste and other sources. Arsenic contamination of groundwater, particularly HTW and water from STWs, has been reported in 59 out of 64 districts of the country in many government and donor agency documents. Arsenic concentration has been found to be at its highest level within the upper 50m of aquifers in most regions of the country (Water Aid, 2000). In many places, the concentration of iron and arsenic in irrigation water has gone beyond the limit of the safe water quality standards of Bangladesh and the WHO. A number of diseases and health problems, including arsenicosis, blindness and physical disability, occur due to arsenic toxicity to human body. In some parts of the country, particularly the Barind Tracts within the northwest region, there are already symptoms of deterioration in the natural hydrological regime, effects on soils and the growth of agricultural crops resulting from poor water quality, and health hazards and effects on flora and fauna due to the decline in groundwater levels. Careful consideration should therefore be given to these environmental issues in order to harness the beneficial uses of irrigation water composed of both surface water and groundwater resources (Water Risk Filter) 

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Organizations in Bangladesh


To empower underprivileged section of the society by taking stand and providing with financial and logistic support to bring quantities and qualitative changes in their livelihood development for in an Equal and just society implementing the SDG goals by the ... Learn More

The Aqaix ("A-kye-ix") mission is to bring more capital to water infrastructure of all types, globally, from small WASH projects to major "grey" projects and everything in between...habitat restoration, stormwater and searise resiliency, urban repiping, water balance investments, water reuse ... Learn More

Badhon (BMUS)’s mission is to work in a participatory and sustainable way with disadvantaged, children, adolescents, women and minority people to alleviate poverty and improve access to Human Rights. Learn More

Bangladesh Environment and Development Society (BEDS) is a non-profit, non-political organization committed to sustainable socio-economic development, conservation of natural resources, use of clean energy and protection of the environment through research and implementation of specific activities. A group of enlightened ... Learn More

We work with the poor, particularly with women, children, and excluded communities, to bring a positive shift in their socio-economic condition. Our role is to develop and promote sustainable models of capacity strengthening and facilitating people's access to water and ... Learn More

Provide safe drinking water to 5,000+ villages and urban areas impacting 5 million people by 2020 Learn More

For stop child marriage and work for desibalitis Water related disaster management Learn More

Be a leader in water stewardship for the fashion industry, working both with reducing the water footprint of our value chain and engaging to promote better water governance in strategic, high risk river basins to secure availability and quality of ... Learn More

HYDROC is an association of independent consultants, -scientists and -engineers, providing water-related services through a network of national and international experts. Our concept uses the synergies of our combined expertise for the successful implementation of a variety of projects. Our ... Learn More

Participatory Human Rights Advancement Society (PHRAS) was established With a view to provide basic Rights/facilities/welfare and amenities to the people, including Drug Addicts, and in field of basic Health, basic Education, Elimination of Child Labor, Sanitation, Water Supply, Women Development, ... Learn More

The Water Resilience Coalition, founded in 2020, is an industry-driven, CEO-led coalition of the UN Global Compact's CEO Water Mandate that aims to elevate global water stress to the top of the corporate agenda and preserve the world's freshwater resources ... Learn More

WaterAid is an international NGO focused exclusively on ensuring equitable access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene education for the world’s poorest communities. Formed in 1981, we have been working in water, sanitation and hygiene for over 30 years. To ... Learn More

We’re a global community that believes everyone deserves access to quality education. We’re reshaping the landscape of education Our focus is on the future generations of engineers and scientists. Our initiative has always been to establish an original and unparalleled ... Learn More

Projects in Bangladesh


THE CENTRAL CONCERN OF THE PRACTICE IS DESIGN EXCELLENCE. EVERY PROJECT IS BASED ON SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND EXPLORE APPLICATIONS OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES TOGETHER WITH ANCIENT TRADITIONS TO FIND BETTER SOLUTIONS TO CONTEMPORARY NEEDS.Project ResultsSignificant emergency water and sanitation work was ... Learn More

Inditex is now consider as one of the Detox leaders companies by Greenpeace because of it serious breaking with toxic water cycle, being among the first to publish data on discharge of hazardous chemicals from its suppliers on the Institute ... Learn More

The WASH SDG consortium aims to reach an improved WASH situation universally, which includes most of the left behind people from the hard to reach households; the poorest and the furthest left behind and those living in remote areas, inclusive ... Learn More

This project aims to improve access to sustainable water and sanitation services in Tala Upazila of Satkhira district, recognised as a disaster prone zone due to its Geo location. Learn More

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Training programme for consumer association will educate workers about their rights and implementation of law & order in garments industry in Bangladesh. Also, we are working to establish the proper labor rights and stop the violation of human rights, especially ... Learn More

In the Bangladesh WASH alliance (BWA) programme and via this project WAB is leading the policy advocacy at the national level to: - Strengthen coordination and capacity to work with other sector actors - Demonstrate accountability and transparency of WSS ... Learn More

This project aims to provide 15 hand washing facilities and 50 sanitation facilities for 2044 children in 3 high schools and 2 primary schools. An awareness, skills development, and training program will be provided. Learn More

This project aims to Increase access to safe water and sanitation facilities, become more responsive to the demands of the community people for having access to safe water and sanitation facilities and by 2013 create a level of co-operation from ... Learn More

Bangladesh is a riverine country. Although the transport system has significantly developed in the past few decades, still water transport remained one of the major mediums of transportation for passengers and transporting goods across the country. Every day numerous water ... Learn More

In 2017, Inditex continued to integrate sustainability criteria for the use of water in all of its business areas, thanks to the implementation of its Global Water Management Strategy. The rational use of water and our commitment to “zero discharge” ... Learn More

WaterAid Bangladesh is aiming to reach close to 10 million people with their hygiene promotion activities. They are promoting handwashing using a social media campaign, awareness videos and placing banners in schools and hospitals. The team is working with local ... Learn More

This project aims to improve the health of women and children in the Barisal Division. The project area is among the poorest in Bangladesh, access to health facilities and sanitation is very low. Learn More

The project is located in Fakirhat Upazila of Bagerhat District and Barguna Sadr Upazila of Barguna District. The project is about addressing downward accountability and to reduce the 'disconnect' between macro level (policy at National level) and micro level (implementation ... Learn More

BASA will help provide safe drinking water for 700 people in a slum in Gazipur, Bangladesh. Water will be collected by a deep tube well, stored in an overhead reservoir, and piped to 15 distribution points. Learn More

Generate Some innovative idea to make strong awareness among with people where they can understand causes of water pollution and shortage of water. Whether people make them aware to Understanding of the issues. Under Save water Save the World we ... Learn More

It is estimated that one in five people are employed in global supply chains. Corporations have the potential to play an influential role in the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 6, “ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for ... Learn More

Bangladesh is a South Asian small country having a huge population. Sundarbans coastal region of Bangladesh is really disaster vulnerable due to its geographic location. Our proposed project site is the Sundarbans coastal region of Bangladesh that is Banishanta union ... Learn More

The goal of this project is to increase access to safe water for drinking and using in all the household activities of the people in Bauphal, one of the prominent coastal belt upazilas situated in the district of Patuakhali. Learn More

Reduced poverty and improved health, environmental and economic conditions by empowering people and creating an enabling environment, thus achieving increased sustainable access to and use of safe water and sanitation services and improved hygiene practices for women and marginalized groups. Learn More

Considering the unhealthy and unhygienic environment in rural schools and communities in the southern part of Bangladesh, PSTC will initiate WaSH for schools and communities. lt ensures drinking water and sanitation both in school and community by installing hardware in ... Learn More

WaterAid is an international NGO focused exclusively on ensuring equitable access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene education (WASH) for the world’s poorest communities. Formed in 1981 we have been working in water, sanitation and hygiene for over 30 years. ... Learn More

Together with DWASA's LIC department two areas have been selected to receive improved water services through the first Water for Life project under WOP2. An estimated 13,764 people will have access to improved water services. Activities include: baseline survey, choice ... Learn More

This partnership is to enhance the operational performance and the management of capacities of Dhaka Water Supply and Sewerage Authority (DWASA) and to supports DWASA in providing water, sanitation and hygiene promotion services (WASH) to the urban poor. Learn More

The overall goal of the pilot WaSH project is to reduce water & sanitation related diseases like diarrhoea in the target communities. The project will follow community driven approaches to achieve its expected outcomes in its two years lifetime and ... Learn More

Watershed will take up the challenge by putting lobby and advocacy as one of the key pillars to achieve the target of universal access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) by 2030. Learn More

Suggested Resources

View the full list of 300+ resources at the Water Stewardship Toolbox

WBCSD Learn More

CEO Water Mandate; Water Witness International; WaterAid; WBCSD Learn More

IPIECA Learn More

Ceres Learn More

PRI; WWF Learn More

CEO Water Mandate; Pegasys; Water Witness International; WWF Learn More

UNEP-DHI Learn More

WBCSD Learn More

UN Water Learn More

OECD Learn More

UNICEF; WHO Learn More

River Threat Netwrok Learn More

CEO Water Mandate; WWF Learn More

Swedish Textile Water Initiative Learn More

Alliance for Water Stewardship Learn More

WaterAid Learn More

CEO Water Mandate Learn More

McKinsey Learn More

Conservation International Learn More

UNEP Learn More

UN Water Learn More

AT&T; EDF; Global Environmental Management Institute (GEMI) Learn More

OECD Learn More

SAI Platform Learn More

Lillian Holmes
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