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Netherlands

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Area: 5888268 km2
Countries:
Brazil; Peru; Suriname; France; Colombia; Guyana; Bolivia; Venezuela; Ecuador
Cities:
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
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Water Quality Stress:
Sanitation Access Stress:
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Water-Related Challenge Costs

Total annual estimated cost to address all water-related challenges: $6,574,630,600.00

Share of total annual estimated cost to address each individual challenge (2015 $USD):

  • Access to Drinking Water: $101,092,661.00 - [2%]
  • Access to Sanitation: $156,860,711.00 - [2%]
  • Industrial Pollution: $3,999,025,545.00 - [61%]
  • Agricultural Pollution: $13,420,471.00 - [0%]
  • Water Scarcity: $1,208,459,445.00 - [18%]
  • Water Management: $1,095,771,767.00 - [17%]

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

25.0%
Access to Water Supply and Water Services
25.0%
Physical water supply
12.5%
Land Use Issues
12.5%
Local Water Resource Governance
12.5%
Socioeconomic and Reputation
12.5%
Water Demand and Competition among Users

Country Overview

1.1.1.WATER RESOURCES Average annual precipitation in the Netherlands is 778mm. Average annual renewable water resources stand at 910 million km3. Only 11 per cent of this is internal water resources (110 million km3) while as much as 89 per cent is external water resources (800 million km3). In 2009, the total dam (reservoir) capacity was 92.34 million km3. The Netherlands has four river basin districts (RBDs), all of which are international shared watercourses with Belgium, France, Luxembourg and Germany. They are: the Meuse RBD, the Ems RBD, the Scheldt RBD and the Rhine RBD. Consultation on draft River Basin Management Plans took place between December 2008 and June 2009. They were adopted in December 2009.

1.1.2.WATER USE The availability of water and well-functioning freshwater ecosystems are essential to people and nature. Large-scale groundwater use is one of the causes of the degradation of nature in the Netherlands. Estimated water withdrawal is 106.1 million km3/yr, of which only 9.67 million km3 (9 per cent) comes from groundwater sources. The remaining 91 per cent is abstracted from surface water bodies (up to 96.4 million km3). By 2008, it was estimated that water for urban areas made up 12.5 million km3 (around 12 per cent) of total consumption. Only an estimated 71 million m3 of water was used for agriculture. The vast majority of water consumed – 87 per cent of the total, or 92.83 million km3 – was for industrial uses. Use of freshwater systems for drinking water, shipping, industrial intakes and all other uses has been at constant levels during the past 30 years. Due to the expected impacts of climate change, current strategies to cope with water shortages and fresh water supply in the Netherlands need to be revised. This is very complex because of the combination of technical and social aspects (for example, the relationship between different regions within the Netherlands), the relationship between the so-called regional goals and regional usages of water, and the consequences of the national strategy for river water discharge. In addition, it is expected that the demand for water will increase and precipitation in summer will decrease, thus the availability (and level of security in the supply) of fresh water will likely decrease if no action is taken. The degree of this decrease will vary from region to region. Not only will this impact the water level of rivers and ditches, and therefore overall water levels, it will also have consequences for agriculture, inland shipping, nature and water quality. Due to higher water temperatures, the amount of algae will increase.

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Organizations in Netherlands


Aqua for All is a not-for-profit organisation operating in Africa and Asia. For almost two decades, we have worked towards catalysing an innovative, sustainable and inclusive water and sanitation economy worldwide. We believe that innovation, scalable solutions, and public and … Learn More

Our mission is to create an investable large-scale landscape restoration industry, aligned with international guidelines and policies, in close cooperation with experts and existing initiatives. Our approach is based on a sustainable business model, delivering 4 returns: Return of Inspiration: … Learn More

The Dow Chemical Company, commonly referred to as Dow, was an American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States, and the predecessor of the merged company DowDuPont. Learn More

Solving fresh water scarcity, using only the sea, sun, earth &amp; wind. Solar desalination. Clean water from abundant resources. Already 4 billion people face water scarcity today. The key to moving from scarcity to abundance lies in the sea. Desalination … Learn More

We strive to develop and implement innovative technology to better manage water resources at the basin level and to protect and conserve freshwater ecosystems Learn More

We are a group of driven professionals from three continents that have a deep interest, dedication and skill to move from theory to practice and produce tangible outcomes in light of our mission: To explore and promote ways for people … Learn More

HEINEKEN is the world's most international brewer. It is the leading developer and marketer of premium beer and cider brands. Led by the Heineken® brand, the Group has a powerful portfolio of more than 250 international, regional, local and specialty … Learn More

IHE Delft Institute for Water Education (former UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education) is the largest international graduate water education facility in the world and is based in Delft, the Netherlands. The Institute confers fully accredited MSc degrees, and PhD degrees … Learn More

IGRAC’s mission is to contribute to world-wide availability of relevant information and knowledge on the groundwater resources of the world, with particular emphasis on developing countries, in order to support sustainable utilisation and management of the groundwater resources, Learn More

Microsoft's mission is to empower every person and every organization on the planet to achieve more. Learn More

Netherlands Water Partnership (NWP) is hét netwerk voor meer impact in het buitenland. 200 partijen hebben zich aangesloten vanuit de overtuiging dat een sterke, samenwerkende watersector tot meer internationale kansen leidt. Nederland is sterk in geïntegreerde oplossingen waar meerdere disciplines … Learn More

Nijhuis Industries delivers solid and adaptive solutions for sustainable water use, energy and resource recovery. We help industries, utilities and cities to reduce, reuse and recover to advance water and climate change adaption and help building a more resilient, sustainable … Learn More

Pension fund asset manager Learn More

Royal DSM is a Dutch multinational active in the fields of health, nutrition and materials. Learn More

Royal Philips of the Netherlands is a leading health technology company focused on improving people's health and enabling better outcomes across the health continuum from healthy living and prevention, to diagnosis, treatment and home care. Learn More

SNV is a not-for-profit international development organisation. Founded in the Netherlands nearly 50 years ago, we have built a long-term, local presence in 38 of the poorest countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Our global team of local and … Learn More

We are a global group of energy and petrochemical companies with an average of 86,000 employees in more than 70 countries. We use advanced technologies and take an innovative approach to help build a sustainable energy future. Learn More

Simavi is a non-profit organization that believes everyone has a right to good health. Together with women and girls in Africa and Asia, we work on a healthy life for all. Through our local partner organisations, we provide information and … Learn More

The Smurfit Kappa Group plc is Europe's leading corrugated packaging company and one of the leading paper-based packaging companies in the world. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. Learn More

Processing hemp fibers in a sustainable way, so cotton can be replaced in textiles. Hemp uses 70-80% less water than cotton. Hemp does not need chemicals to grow, and improves the soil. Yield of hemp is much higher than cotton, … Learn More

We are the public enterprise, operating in creation and realization of various original ideas. The main acting areas are the creation of wide "Public Relation Machine about Water", informing society about the issues related to the water, and implementation of … Learn More

The Netherlands has the best quality drinking water in the world. What is more, the Netherlands is internationally renowned for its knowledge and expertise in the areas of, amongst others, water technology, water purification and the installation of water pipe … Learn More

The WASH alliance consists of seven alliance members (Simavi, Akvo, AMREF Netherlands, RAIN, WASTE, IRC, and Wetlands International) and will work in different countries and will have specific international programme activities. The Alliance works directly with around 113 Southern partners, … Learn More

The Water Youth Network is a platform that gives young people throughout the world the opportunity to share and promote their knowledge, initiatives and projects on WASH issues. Learn More

We support farmers &amp; corporates in the transition to Regenerative Agriculture. We believe that nature and agriculture can cooperate instead of compete. We also believe that farmers and local communities across the globe deserves a long-term profitable future. That’s why … Learn More

Projects in Netherlands


Boer Bier Water is a collaboration examining how water can be handled in the most efficient way. Bavaria and the farmers in the Laarbeek area use a lot of this water. In order to deal well with this, for example, … Learn More

Unilever has committed to donating sanitizer, soap, bleach and food worth €100 million to those in need. Half of the donations will go to the World Economic Forum’s COVID Action Platform in support of global health organizations. The other half … Learn More

Based on the demand on simple online information on rainwater harvesting, 3R and Environmental Sustainability in WASH, RAIN in collaboration, Rainbow Collection and Wetlands International developed several tools that support practitioners in water management planning. Learn More

In order to efficiently utilize the water used for production, we are constantly reviewing processes. As an indicator of this, we calculate the amount of water used for each product unit and confirm that improvement is progressing. Project Results Water … Learn More

The International Water Association and UNEP under the umbrella of UN-Water have joined to produce the Global Compendium on Water Quality Guidelines for Different uses to provide a state-of-the-art overview of water quality guidelines and standards worldwide. The Compendium will … Learn More

In response to the pandemic, International Flavors & Fragrances (IFF) has reconfigured its production lines to produce 2.5 tons of hand sanitizer. In North America, IFF has developed a unique hand sanitizer called Hope 2020, partnering with a distiller to … Learn More

Summary of action Unilever’s strategy is to reduce water use and increase reuse wherever possible, with a focus on new operations and water-scarce areas. All sites across the business must produce plans for reducing water use and manufacturing sites are … Learn More

To address persistent dioxane contamination in groundwater and prevent further migration of the pollutant, Dow planted 240 poplar trees using a special technique to provide phytoremediation of the groundwater. Learn More

As part of Croda's overall sustainability goals, there is a group target to reduce water withdrawal by 10% by 2020. All manufacturing sites are required to contribute towards this target and therefore reduce their own water withdrawal. Project Results Reduce … Learn More

The goal of the Dutch Room for the River Programme is to give the river more room to be able to manage higher water levels. At more than 30 locations, measures will be taken that give the river space to … Learn More

Summary Seawater/Lake Water Air Conditioning (SWAC/LWAC) technology produces air conditioning without the use of chemical agents. Acting alone, SWAC/LWAC can reduce electricity usage by up to 90% when compared to traditional air conditioning systems. When developed in conjunction with Ocean … Learn More

Climate change, population migration, increasing urbanisation, and ageing infrastructure are all expected to impose significant strains on Urban Water Cycle Services (UWCS) in Europe and abroad over the coming decades. Cities across the continent will experience increasingly frequent shortfalls in … Learn More

The WAI stands for a shift from the dominant hardware-construction approach, often used by others, towards WASH sector development by working on three pillars: establishing a functioning market, strengthening the public sector, and empowering & organising citizens. Our innovative approach … Learn More

Suggested Resources

View the full list of 300+ resources at the Water Stewardship Toolbox

In this Nature feature, Johan Rockstrom and co-authors argue that identifying and quantifying planetary boundaries that must not be transgressed could help prevent human activities from causing unacceptable environmental change. Learn More

Inform and strengthen your company’s water management strategies and allow your investors to evaluate current water management activities against detailed definitions of leading practice. Learn More

Developers: Ceres

World Resource Institute's four Aqueduct assessment tools -- Water Risk Atlas, Country Rankings, Aqueduct Food, and Aqueduct Floods -- help companies, governments, and civil society understand and respond to water risks. These water risks include water stress, seasonal variability, pollution, … Learn More

Developers: World Resources Institute

Chem-MAP® is a ZDHC-approved program to improve chemical management in leather, textile, and synthetic materials supply chains. The program reduces chemical risk to customers. Learn More

Nature-based solution (NBS) can improve degraded ecosystems, help sequester carbon, and manage the effects of climate change, including extreme weather events. Businesses are beginning to recognize the value of NBS for climate change mitigation, adaptation, and resilience. Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

Developed by a group of leading beverage businesses, this is an easy-to-use excel tool for beverage facilities to estimate direct costs associated with their most water- and resource- intensive processes, beyond just the cost of water from the tap. The … Learn More

Plan, Prepare and Respond- Breakdown for different industries on how to operate safely. Cleaning and disinfecting, Worker Safety, Support Resources, Mitigation Strategy Learn More

This report presents analysis of the response data from a sample of 783 of the world’s largest publicly listed companies. The report is aimed at companies and investors seeking to understand how they can play their part in delivering a … Learn More

The Toolbox connects your business to the latest tools, guidance, case studies, datasets, and more most relevant to you based on your circumstances and interests. It features more than 250+ resources from dozens of organizations and is updated every week. Learn More

Developers: CEO Water Mandate, Pacific Institute

The purpose of these guidelines is to highlight additional measures so that the integrity of the food chain is maintained, and that adequate and safe food supplies are available for consumers. Learn More

CDC/EPA Guidance for Cleaning and Disinfecting Includes Printable Materials Learn More

The Cotton made in Africa standards comprise the Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) and the Cotton made in Africa-Organic (CmiA-Organic) Standard. The standards are intended to improve the living conditions of African smallholders and support sustainable cotton production. The standards … Learn More

This guide aims to provide professionals with the practical information and resources to either start sourcing sustainable cotton or increase volumes. Learn More

ECO PASSPORT by OEKO-TEX is an independent certification for chemicals, colorants, and accessories used in textile and leather manufacturing. The certification verifies that each individual substance in the chemical product meets statutory requirements and does not harm human health. Learn More

NBS offer a promising contribution on how to enhance the availability and quality of water for productive purposes and human consumption, while preserving ecosystems. In this discussion paper, 21 case studies of water management processes are analysed, using a non-representative … Learn More

FAO has been emphasizing the need to accelerate a global transition to sustainable food and agriculture systems, advocating an integrated approach. This document focuses on the management of water for agricultural use. Learn More

The Fairtrade Cotton standard promotes sustainability and social responsiblity across the cotton supply chain. Learn More

The GEMI Local Water Tool (LWT) helps organizations evaluate water-related external impacts, business risks and sufficiency of management plans at specific sites. Key Functions: Quantify water-related impacts caused by facility Quantify facility’s exposure to water-related risk Identify helpful management response Learn More

The Global Organic Textile Standard specifies a supply-chain textile processing standard that includes ecological and social criteria. The standard seeks to define worldwide requirements for textiles to be described as organic. These requirements cover the entire supply chain, from harvesting … Learn More

The Global Water Footprint Assessment Standard can be used to provide comparable quantification and robust analytics, helping corporations, governments, and researchers manage water resources and achieve greater water sustainability. Learn More

The Green Supply Chain: Brand Map is a leadership initiative dedicated to showcasing brands’ commitment to supply chain transparency and environmental management. Learn More

This guide outlines why and how investors engage on agricultural supply chain water risk. Learn More

Developers: WWF

In this link, you will find an overview of our measures and initiatives to support the health and livelihood of employees and communities in which we operate. Our three guiding principles: Health, safety, and trust of our people Safeguard the … Learn More

Developers: Heineken

This ISO Standard helps to evaluate the sustainability of a product across its life cycle. Learn More

The India Water Tool brings together 20 datasets and risk indicators to help users understand their water risks in India. Learn More

Levi Strauss &amp; Co. has issued this standard to encourage preservation of fresh water through water recycling. Learn More

Developers: Levi Strauss & Co.

This report seeks to provide an overview of the way in which the social and economic development of continental Asia is dependent on the resources of ten rivers. Learn More

Developers: China Water Risk

One Planet Approaches consist of a family of tools, methodologies, frameworks, programs, and action plans, which recognize the need to measure and reduce human impact in relation to the absolute boundaries of the Earth system. Learn More

Levi Strauss &amp; Co. chose to publish their innovative Water&lt;Less fabric finishing techniques to encourage water-saving practices across the apparel industry. Learn More

Developers: Levi Strauss & Co.

TextileExchange's report offers personal accounts from fiber and materials experts “inside” the industry, demonstrating various company strategies and fiber priorities being implemented to achieve greater sustainability. Learn More

During an infectious disease outbreak, such as the current outbreak of COVID-19, small business owners must prepare for disruption in their business as well as prepare to protect their employees’ health and safety in the workplace. These steps are recommended … Learn More

This report uses new data and calculations to show that investments in resource efficiency, secure work environments, and sustainable materials can benefit the environment and improve profitability. Learn More

This report shows how putting nature to work can help deliver infrastructure services with greater impact and lower cost, all the while reducing risks from disaster, boosting water security and enhancing climate resilience. Learn More

The Coca-Cola Company is quantifying the water-related “Replenish” benefits derived through its Community Water Partnership (CWP) projects. The work described in this report builds on previous efforts, and provides a current status of quantification results for three categories of CWP … Learn More

Developers: Global Environment Technology Foundation (GETF), The Coca-Cola Company

Questions\ guidelines relating to food businesses answered by the WHO. Learn More

CottonConnect's Responsible Environment Enhanced Livelihoods Cotton (REEL COTTON) standard is a business-driven initiative that sources sustainable cotton to improve environmental, quality, and traceability conditions in supply chain factories and farms worldwide. Committed brands and their supply chains undertake a development-oriented … Learn More

SAVEh is the platform through which Ambev shares its water management system free of charge with other companies, which has helped to reduce more than 40% of the company’s water consumption in the last 13 years. This water efficiency tool … Learn More

Developers: Ambev S/A

The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Compass Business Tools inventory maps existing business tools against the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It allows you to explore commonly used business tools that may be useful when assessing your organization’s impact on the SDGs. Learn More

The Colorado River Basin states face significant water challenges, including the overallocation of water, long-term drought, and climate change. This report, commissioned by the Walton Family Foundation, explores the potential for corporate water stewardship to help solve these challenges. Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

The City of Austin, Texas is facing an increasingly uncertain water future, from decreasing water supplies and more intense droughts to periodic flooding and water quality impairments. Austin is addressing these challenges head on, from investments in water efficiency and … Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

This guide aims to help companies set effective site water targets that are informed by catchment context, which can create value and lessen risks for the company and support collective action. Learn More

Developers: CEO Water Mandate

The world’s water resources are under increasing pressure from rising water consumption, pollution, and climate variability. The variety of water challenges companies face, from water governance issues to extreme events like drought, manifest in the river basins where the companies … Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

The Soil &amp; Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) is a small watershed to river basin-scale model used to simulate the quality and quantity of surface and ground water and predict the environmental impact of land use, land management practices and climate … Learn More

In response to the challenge of quantifying the business benefits, WaterAid, Diageo, GAP Inc., and Unilever have worked with PwC and ODI to develop a practical, step-by-step guide. The guide will help companies understand the business value of their WASH … Learn More

Developers: WaterAid

The Sustainable Rice Platform (SRP) Standard for Sustainable Rice Cultivation is the world’s first voluntary sustainability standard for rice. The standard is complemented by a set of 12 quantitative performance indicators. By identifying “hotspots,” the indicators enable users to monitor … Learn More

The Forest Stewardship Council created the Principles of Forest Stewardship as a worldwide standard to promote environmentally responsible, socially beneficial and economically viable management of the world’s forests. Learn More

The AWS Standard is a globally-applicable framework for major water users to understand their water use and impacts, and to work collaboratively and transparently for sustainable water management within a catchment context. Learn More

Developers: Alliance for Water Stewardship (AWS)

This discussion paper examines the need for companies to openly acknowledge and discuss the business dependency on consumption, exploring the topic through three different product examples – cars, beef, and clothing. Learn More

‘The Five Goods’ stem from Fashion for Good’s robust definition of ‘good’ and intend to guide the sector with a genuine and accountable framework with the promise of social, economic, and environmental prosperity. Learn More

Measure the environmental and social impact of your apparel products and operations. Learn More

This case study looks closely at a pair of Levi Strauss &amp; Co. stone wash jeans with the goal of helping companies in the apparel sector take more effective and holistic approaches to the industry’s environmental impact. Learn More

Developers: Levi Strauss & Co.

This tool is an interactive map linking nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation outcomes based on a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature. Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

This report is a culmination of industry interviews, non-government organization inputs, and desk research, the report highlights practical examples for companies in the sector and beyond, grappling with how to integrate the SDGs into their core business and global supply … Learn More

A deep dive into three areas for business action:1 Responsible Marketing 2 Accelerating Collaborative Action at the Country Level 3 Building Resilience and Good Practice Solutions for Business Learn More

This report explores the possibilities of scaling a circular economy, given the reality of the global economy and the complexity of multi-tier supply chains. Learn More

Developers: World Economic Forum

ToxServices' Full Materials Disclosure Screened Chemistry Program (ToxFMD®) promotes chemical optimization through chemical hazard assessment, hazard reduction, and informed substitution. ZDHC members use the program to document conformance with the ZDHC MRSL. Learn More

Water is the lifeblood of California, providing for the household needs of 40 million people and supporting one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world, various commercial and industrial activities, and the health and viability of the state’s … Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

Evaluate the current status of access to safe WASH at the workplace in a given facility of your company. Assess the current status of access to safe WASH at the workplace in a given facility Support decision-making regarding investments and … Learn More

ILO Sectoral Policies and Governance and Tripartism Departments present four self-training modules, which adapt existing ILO training tools on OSH to provide governments, workers and employers with the necessary skills to implement the general principles contained in relevant ILO instruments. … Learn More

This UN World Water Development report evaluates the vast quantities of domestic, agricultural and industrial wastewater discharged into the environment everyday as a valuable resource rather than costly problem. Learn More

Companies are increasingly setting and pursing ‘water balance targets’ as part of their water stewardship strategies. The seeming simplicity of balance goals can be attractive – “we will restore a volume of water equal to the amount our business consumes.” … Learn More

Developers: WWF

The Water Risk Filter can be used to assess and respond to water related risks for your own operations, suppliers, or growth plans. Learn More

Developers: WWF

These guidelines intend to help close the knowledge gap on wastewater treatment technologies and motivate relevant facilities in the apparel and footwear industry to implement the professional treatment systems necessary to meet the ZDHC Wastewater Guidelines. Learn More

World Resources Institute Learn More

CEO Water Mandate; CDP; The Nature Conservancy; World Resources Institute; WWF Learn More

The Sustainable Business Group; The Sustainable Fashion Academy; The Global Leadership Award in Sustainable Apparel Learn More

Swedish Textile Water Initiative Learn More

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