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Area: 5888268 km2
Brazil; Peru; Suriname; France; Colombia; Guyana; Bolivia; Venezuela; Ecuador
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
HydroBasin Level:
Baseline Water Stress:
Water Quality Stress:
Sanitation Access Stress:
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City & Country

Water-Related Challenge Costs

Total annual estimated cost to address all water-related challenges: $1,333,196,528.00

Share of total annual estimated cost to address each individual challenge (2015 $USD):

  • Access to Drinking Water: $308,037,307.00 - [23%]
  • Access to Sanitation: $256,446,935.00 - [19%]
  • Industrial Pollution: $16,796,903.00 - [1%]
  • Agricultural Pollution: $54,338,557.00 - [4%]
  • Water Scarcity: $475,377,404.00 - [36%]
  • Water Management: $222,199,421.00 - [17%]

For more about this data, see information on WRI’s Achieving Abundance dataset here.

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

No challenges found.

Country Overview

1.1.2.WATER USE Total water withdrawal was estimated at 4.2km3 in 2002. Agriculture is the greatest water user in Zimbabwe accounting for 79 per cent of total water use. Agricultural water uses are for irrigation, fish farming and livestock watering. Irrigated agriculture will continue to dominate the water demands for Zimbabwe in the foreseeable future.

1.2.WATER QUALITY, ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH Surface water in Zimbabwe is usually of good quality for irrigation: generally conductivity is less than 500 microsiemens/cm. Groundwater on the other hand tends to be more variable in quality, with some being saline, sodic or saline-sodic. Current knowledge about the quality of groundwater in the country is limited. Chemical analyses of water are done before the implementation of drip systems but are rarely done for surface and sprinkler systems. Poor drainage and salinity are not a major problem in irrigated areas in Zimbabwe, although they have been observed in some schemes under surface irrigation; this is normally associated with poor land levelling and poor water management or the use of poor quality irrigation water. There is a general increase in the use of agrochemicals in the country due to the intensification of crop production. It is thought that the regular use of commercial levels of agrochemicals is an occupational risk for irrigation farmers and increases the risk of contamination of both surface water and groundwater resources. However, data on water analysis showing agrochemicals levels in natural water sources in Zimbabwe are not obtainable and it is thus difficult to establish the extent of pollution due to irrigated agriculture. In Zimbabwe the net effect on human health of irrigation development tends to be positive. There is an improvement in the nutritional status of the people both on the scheme and in the surrounding area. Indirectly, benefits are twofold: -because of the economic progress resulting from irrigation, communities can afford better health care; -the upgraded infrastructure (roads, electricity, etc.) that accompanies irrigation ensures better basic health services such as child immunization, family planning and mother and child health. However, despite the net positive effect on human health, irrigation (especially surface irrigation) in the country is associated with an increased risk of malaria, schistosomiasis, enteric diseases like diarrhoea, agrochemical poisoning, and skin and eye diseases.

(Water Risk Filter) 

Country Water Profile

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Organizations in Zimbabwe

We form part of the Barnes Group of Companies. We leverage our ability off owning our own steel manufacturing mill, which then supplies into our wholly owned primary manufacturing companies, who then produce standard and customer specific products which are … Learn More

WHY? IPO is here to change the statistics of hunger in Zimbabwe. Your donation to International Plate Organization could be the key to unlocking so many resources for the people of Zimbabwe. About Us Zimbabwe's lack of nutritional resources has … Learn More

We make it easy for underserved communities to access natural resources essential to life. We do this by providing access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene in underserved and impoverished communities to reduce poverty and promote gender equity. Learn More

To reach every child, especially girls and women in the communities with empowerment programs that help them realize their potential and capacities that recognise their special needs, based on well-researched information. Learn More

Projects in Zimbabwe

CPWF (challenge programme for water and food) is an international, multi-institutional research initiative with a strong emphasis on north-south and south-south partnerships. The initiative brings together research scientists, development specialists, and river basin communities in Africa, Asia and Latin America … Learn More

This project will contribute to reducing poverty and enhancing food, health and nutritional security in the Limpopo River Basin by analysing the status of agricultural water use, access and productivity, and identifying opportunities for improved agricultural water management. Project Results … Learn More

The project aimed to build awareness and capacity for environmental flows assessment in the basin and identify institutional and legal mechanisms for mainstreaming environmental flows. Interest in environmental flows in the region had been promoted by the South African Water … Learn More

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Chamunorwa Chinogurei
Water Action Hub Team
Primary Contact  

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