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Area: 5888268 km2
Brazil; Peru; Suriname; France; Colombia; Guyana; Bolivia; Venezuela; Ecuador
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
HydroBasin Level:
Baseline Water Stress:
Water Quality Stress:
Sanitation Access Stress:
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City & Country

Water-Related Challenge Costs

Total annual estimated cost to address all water-related challenges: $865,708,761.00

Share of total annual estimated cost to address each individual challenge (2015 $USD):

  • Access to Drinking Water: $67,808,519.00 - [8%]
  • Access to Sanitation: $55,346,837.00 - [6%]
  • Industrial Pollution: $54,097,461.00 - [6%]
  • Agricultural Pollution: $395,941,882.00 - [46%]
  • Water Scarcity: $148,229,269.00 - [17%]
  • Water Management: $144,284,794.00 - [17%]

For more about this data, see information on WRI’s Achieving Abundance dataset here.

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

No challenges found.

Country Overview

1.1.2.WATER USE In 1996, total water withdrawal from groundwater (80 per cent) and surface water (20 per cent) was equal to 400 million m3, of which 138 million m3 (34.6 per cent) were for livestock including irrigated fodder production, 32 million m3 (7.9 per cent) for irrigation of other crops, 101 million m3 (25.2 per cent) for municipalities, 103 million m3 (25.8 per cent) for industry, and 26 million m3 (6.5 per cent) for other needs (Myagmarjav and Davaa, 1999). In 2005, total water withdrawal was estimated at about 511 million m3, of which about 227 million m3 (44 per cent) were for agriculture, 122 million m3 (24 per cent) for municipalities and 162 million m3 (32 per cent) for industries. About 82 per cent, or 419 million m3, was contributed by groundwater resources.

1.2.WATER QUALITY, ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH Freshwater ecosystems of Mongolia are subject to increasing and multiplying threats, including overgrazing, dams and irrigation systems, growing urbanization, mining and gravel extraction, climate change and lack of water management policies and institutional frameworks (Batnasan, 2003). The Asia Foundation’s Securing Our Future (SOF) programme is a three-year initiative designed to promote the sustainable use of Mongolia’s natural resources that is focused on responsible mining and land-use practices. It is being jointly implemented by the Asia Foundation, the Netherlands, and a coalition of non-governmental, public and private sector partners. The overall purpose of the programme is to ensure that future mining activities in Mongolia generate long-term benefits for the people of Mongolia without compromising the nation’s ecological and social heritage. SOF involves seven programme areas that seek to ensure maximum community participation in decision-making processes, and in the long-term collective management and use of the country’s vast natural resources. One of the seven areas consists in the development of a Mongolian river water quality monitoring network, which enlists citizens and students to work in partnership with Mongolian and expatriate scientific experts in the collection and dissemination of data on the quality of river water across the nation, which will lead to the compilation of a complete ecological inventory of Mongolian waterways (Asia Foundation, 2010). Overuse of groundwater resources and climate change has led to a lowering of the groundwater table, which has consequently caused some springs, lakes and their associated ecosystems to dry up. Since the systematic observation period, from 1940 onwards, serious floods have been observed on Mongolian rivers, which caused severe property damage and loss of life. About 18 flood events were observed from 1996 to 1999 and resulted in 54 lives lost and a lot of property damage (Davaa et al, 2007). Out of 10,000 cases of diarrhoea every year in Mongolia, almost 70 per cent occur in the capital Ulaanbaatar. Dysentery and hepatitis are also common. These infections stem from a lack of access to safe water and sanitation infrastructure (UN, 2006a).

Country Water Profile

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Organizations in Mongolia

Artists, Cultures &amp; Community/Climate Actions | Glocal Associative Network -Commons, cocreate, collaborations, classes, cultural preservation, events, gather, synergies, philanthropy &amp; ecosocial actions/projects. Based on a solidarity-social economy model and with a philanthropy channel towards Arts, Cultures &amp; Community/Climate Actions. Learn More

The International Water Association (IWA) is an organisation that brings together people from across the water profession to deliver equitable and sustainable water solutions for our world. As a global network of water professionals, we seek to engage and partner … Learn More

A research and advocacy charity working for equitable and sustainable water resource management. We work with all water users to support objective understanding of opportunities and barriers to progress, and to galvanise action based on reliable evidence, transperancy and accountability. Learn More

Projects in Mongolia

Green Lands seeks to co-create resilient communities through ecosystem restoration, basic service provision and social innovation. About the Proram Green Lands is a program that involves four basic aspects for self-sufficiency in rural areas. The process of implementation will be … Learn More

Project WET is currently active in more than 75 countries around the world through a network of partner organizations that range from small NGOs to major international corporations and organizations. We only go where we’re invited! We work with our … Learn More

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