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Area: 5888268 km2
Brazil; Peru; Suriname; France; Colombia; Guyana; Bolivia; Venezuela; Ecuador
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
HydroBasin Level:
Baseline Water Stress:
Water Quality Stress:
Sanitation Access Stress:
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Quick Info

2.85 out of 5
WWF Country Risk Score
72 out of 248 Countries
WWF Country Rank
Total Organizations: 52
Total Projects: 15
Priority SDGs: Sustainable Agriculture (SDG 2.4)
Increase Access to Water, Sanitation, Hygiene (SDG 6.1 & 6.2)
Water Quality (SDG 6.3)
Water Use Efficiency (SDG 6.4)
Integrated Water Resource Management (SDG 6.5)
Protect and Restore Ecosystems (SDG 6.6)
International Cooperation and Capacity Building (SDG 6.a)
Stakeholder Participation (SDG 6.b)
Water-Related Disaster Management (SDG 11.5)
Sustainable Production (SDG 12.4)
Climate Resilience and Adaptation (SDG 13.1)
Priority Regions: Lake Chad
Priority Industries: Biotech, health care & pharma
Food, beverage & agriculture
Power generation
Organization Types:
NGO / Civil Society
Utility / Water Service Provider
International Organization
Individual / Sole Proprietor
Profile Completion: 82%

Water-Related Challenge Costs

Total annual estimated cost to address all water-related challenges: $28,090,027,223.00

Share of total annual estimated cost to address each individual challenge (2015 $USD):

  • Access to Drinking Water: $6,442,078,239.00 - [23%]
  • Access to Sanitation: $10,836,596,556.00 - [39%]
  • Industrial Pollution: $3,313,809,945.00 - [12%]
  • Agricultural Pollution: $286,439,846.00 - [1%]
  • Water Scarcity: $2,529,431,433.00 - [9%]
  • Water Management: $4,681,671,204.00 - [17%]

For more about this data, see information on WRI’s Achieving Abundance dataset here.

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

Access to Water Supply and Water Services
Local Water Resource Governance
Physical water supply
Compliance with Local Regulations and Widely-Accepted Standards
Upstream Water Issues
Water Demand and Competition among Users
Water Pricing

Country Overview

1.1.1.WATER RESOURCES Nigeria is well drained, with a close network of rivers and streams. Some of these, particularly the smaller ones in the north, are seasonal. There are four principal surface water basins in Nigeria: -The Niger basin has an area of 584,193km2 within central and northwestern Nigeria, covering 63 per cent of the total area of the country. The most important rivers in the basin are the Niger and its tributaries the Benue, the Sokoto the and Kaduna; -The Lake Chad basin in the northeast with an area of 179,282km2, or 20 per cent of the total area of Nigeria, is the only internal drainage basin in the country. Important rivers are the Komadougou Yobe and its tributaries the Hadejia, the Jama’are and the Komadougou Gena; -The southwestern littoral basins have an area of 101,802km2, which is 11 per cent of the country’s total area. The rivers originate in the hilly areas to the south and west of the Niger River; -The southeastern littoral basins have an area of 58,493km2, which is 6 per cent of the total area of the country. Their major watercourses are the Cross and Imo Rivers and they receive much of their runoff from the plateau and mountain areas along the Cameroon border. Nigeria has extensive groundwater resources, located in eight recognized hydrogeological areas and local groundwater in shallow alluvial (fadama) aquifers adjacent to major rivers: -The Sokoto basin zone comprises sedimentary rocks in northwest Nigeria. Yields range from below 1.0 to 5.0L/s; -The Chad basin zone comprises sedimentary rocks. There are three distinct aquifer zones: upper, middle and lower. Borehole yields are about 1.2 to 1.6L/s from the upper unconfined aquifer and 1.5 to 2.1L/s from the middle aquifer; -The middle Niger basin zone comprises sandstone aquifers yielding between 0.7 and 5.0L/s and the Alluvium in the Niger Valley yielding between 7.5 and 37.0L/s; -The Benue basin zone is the least exploited basin in Nigeria, extending from the Cameroon border to the Niger-Benue confluence. The sandstone aquifers in the area yield between 1.0 and 8.0L/s. -The southwestern zone comprises sedimentary rocks bounded in the south by the coastal Alluvium and in the north by the basement complex; -The south-central zone is made up of cretaceous and tertiary sediments centred on the Niger Delta. Yields are from 3.0 to 7.0L/s; -The southeastern zone comprises cretaceous sediments in the Anambra and Cross River basins. Borehole numbers are low due to abundant surface water resources; -The basement complex comprises over 60 per cent of the country’s area. It consists of low permeability rocks and groundwater occurs in the weathered mantle and fracture zones with yields of between 1.0 and 2.0L/s. Lake Chad is an important wetland lying in the semi-arid Sahel corridor. With a mean depth of 3.9m, its surface area is highly variable, ranging from a minimum of 2,000km2 in 1907 to a maximum of 22,000km2 in 1961. Low-lying areas flooded during the wet season, known as fadama areas, are scattered across the ecological zones of Guinea Savanna, Sudan Savanna, and the Sahel. These diverse wetlands are valuable for grazing, agriculture, and other municipal uses, and are deemed of international importance as breeding grounds for migratory birds. Nigeria’s total annual renewable water resources are estimated at 286.2km3. Annual internally produced resources amount to 221km3, made up of 214km3 surface water and 87km3 groundwater. Around 80km3 of the latter is assumed to be overlap between surface and groundwater. External water resources are estimated at 65.2km3/yr, including surface water from Niger, Cameroon and Benin. Exploitable surface water resources are estimated to be 80 per cent of the natural flow, which is about 96km3/yr. Annual extractable groundwater resources are about 59.51km3, distributed as follows: 10.27km3 in northern Nigeria; 25.48km3 in the middle belt; 23.76km3 in the south. Dam capacity is estimated to be 44.2km3.

1.1.2.WATER USE Total annual water withdrawal was estimated to be 8km3 in 2000. Agriculture was the biggest water user with 5.5km3, or 69 per cent of the total water withdrawal, followed by municipalities with about 1.7km3 (21 per cent) and industry with 0.8km3 (10 per cent)

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Organizations in Nigeria

Our mission is to help rural and local communities with potable water for free. Learn More

Provide portable water Provide water for less privilege Provide life to the people Provide sustainable water Learn More

Mission To provide development and ability to learn skills, hand work to youth and women skills and transformation clean environment and water hygiene to all human beings in the world Learn More

We are dedicated to improve the live of the poor families, orphans and refugees through partnership and implementation of humanitarian aid and relief program. Learn More

Be The Change Africa Initiative is a community-focused development organization aims to improve living standards of people. It enhances and promotes participatory democracy, sustainable development, rights, economic conditions, equality and social justice in a community through organizing and capacity building … Learn More

Water resources development to ensure portable water supply and sanitation to less previlage Learn More

Serving humanity with love Learn More

To build more water supply channel for rural areas in West African countries. Learn More

Center for Research in Environmental Resource Management (CREMA) RC No. 1426794; Not for Profit Organization Registered Office: Workers MPCS Building, Health Centre Road, Delta State University, P.O. Box 210, Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria. CREMA has been set up to contribute … Learn More

To be the leading 24/7 beverage partner. Learn More

To deliver efficient and sustainanble system in providing safe water and disposal of waste water. Learn More

Diageo plc is a British multinational alcoholic beverages company, with its headquarters in London, England. Diageo is the world's largest producer of spirits and a key producer of beer. Diageo's commitment to water stewardship is outlined in its Blueprint Water … Learn More

OUR VISION DonPhills foundation is to see a society that is fully mobilized to motivate the younger generation towards acquiring skills and high educational standards at all levels of education. OUR MISSION To intensify the advocacy for peace, good governance … Learn More

EnvironFocus is a sustainability services firm with a social enterprise outlook established in 2010 by Obie Agusiegbe. Our focus is on improving the sustainability performance of organizations and communities through activities that align with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals … Learn More

Facilitating daily access to clean, and safe drinking water for Women and Children in the Horn of African Region. Learn More

FAIRACTION is a global charity endorsed by the Australia Government, committed to achieving Target 6.1 of the UN SDGs - to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all. FAIRACTION has placed Nigeria as its … Learn More

To ensure environmental protection, natural resources conservation and sustainable development. Learn More

GOALPrime Organization Nigeria (GPON) is a policy-driven humanitarian, non-governmental organization that implements her program through revitalized partnerships. GPON is currently implementing in Nigeria where we have reached over 1,000,000 lives (women, men, boys, girls, elderly and disabled) with relief materials, … Learn More

To exert a high depth of commitment and creativity in our decision-making processes across all our projects irrespective of size or complexity. ABOUT US Would You Like To Know More About Us Green Environment Consults is an emergent Environmental Company … Learn More

Hoblot Nigeria Limited (HNL) is an innovative technology company that is striving to lead the Less Developed Countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa to overcome its perennial problem of unsafe water, and thus deliver on the Sustainable Development Goals with respect … Learn More

Hope Spring mission is to assist people and communities in poor, often remote areas in Africa to identify, develop and establish a sustainable source of clean water. It aims to alleviate poverty, as well as sanitation and hygiene challenges associated … Learn More

To see and contribute to communities harness the unlimited but untapped capacity of young Nigerians in providing simple, homegrown solutions to country's basic socio-economic challenges that include access to clean water, education, and healthcare. Learn More

Initiative: Eau is an American 501(c)3 non-profit, non-governmental organization whose mission is to strengthen water, sanitation, and hygiene capacity in developing areas and crisis zones. Learn More

The Organization was created in order to assist youth with community and personal development. Innovation for empowerment and sustainable peace initiative (iesp initiative) is a registered non-profit organization established in 2012 to assist youth with community and personal development. IA … Learn More

JOVAK Industrials Limited is driven by the singular vision to give every Nigerian access to clean, potable water. We lend our resources, expertise and experience to solving the water question. We are willing, capable and available to collaborate with all … Learn More

Our purpose is to provide Better Care for a Better World. People around the globe benefit from our products in their day-to-day lives, but we know that millions still lack access to basic products that could dramatically improve their quality … Learn More

Our Mission is to make water where and when you need it, no matter the quantity. We believe everyone everywhere should have clean, fresh and drinkable water anytime and always. LIPHE is a Water technology, innovation, development, production and marketing … Learn More

To improve human capacity in excluded communities through infrastructural development, promotion of sustainable socio-economic policies in conformity with global contemporary standards Learn More

The Odibu Foundation seeks to provide mobile healthcare to address the problem of poor health access in Nigeria at no or low cost to patients. We seek to provide care for transmissible diseases such as HIV, as well as conditions … Learn More

We work towards actualizing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with emphasis on SDGs 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 17. employ innovative and eclectic approaches to tackle developmental problems by implementing programmes centered on agriculture, health, and poverty alleviation in … Learn More

PfD is strengthening the capacity of local institutions for effective, accountable and sustainable delivery of community-driven WASH. PfD works with local partners to develop solutions resulting in lasting outcomes. Learn More

We aim to lead a grassroots transformation enabling inclusive WASH access in rural communities of Africa. To foster a healthier Nigeria by ensuring access to safe and clean water, promoting proper sanitation, and encouraging effective hygiene practices with a focus … Learn More

Our work is initiated to strengthen the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene sector in disadvantaged and vulnerable communities using well thought out health communication channels and providing aids in these same areas. Learn More

The mission of Rogba Konsult is to increase community outreach, promote civic engagement on clean water and provide meaningful volunteer opportunities to individuals that share the same values and goals as the organization. Learn More

Provide a home for orphans and vulnerable children with quality education and good care. Provide water to vulnerable communities Provide quality education to children who cannot afford education Learn More

We are non-profit organization dedicated to addressing community based challenges in the areas of ENVIRONMENT, HYGIENE AND EMPOWERMENT through education, sensitization, training, advocacy and mentorship program for sustainable impact. Learn More

We collaborate with local and international organisations to promote a safe environment and healthy lifestyle among the rural and suburban dwellers through education and advocacy. Learn More

We are non governmental organisation. We initiate and implement developmental activities in the rural areas with the participation of the rural dwellers. Learn More

To provide a safe haven for orphans and vulnerable children, provide education to children who cannot afford education, provide clean water for domestic and agricultural use, provide professional counselling services and advocate for equity in every aspect of life. Learn More

We are a national community development social enterprise that engages and empowers low income/under-served communities through initiating and executing awareness campaigns and community projects targeted at addressing the health, environmental, educational and socioeconomic challenges in these communities. Through this way … Learn More

Our mission entails education with empathy, elevate potentials with actions and evaluate balancing within all forms of conceptions! Learn More

Toilet Kulture Initiative seeks to work in partnership with other organizations to provide access to sustainable sanitation facilties in public places and institutions that promote human dignity in Nigeria. OUR MISSION Promote and implement in partnership with other organisations, sustainable … Learn More

A non-governmental organization aiming to build and sustain socio-economic opportunities through capacity enhancement, protection, wash, education, advocacy, livelihood improvement with community engagement, that will reduce dependency and result in an improved social status of beneficiaries. Learn More

WAFSLI is an NGO based in Nigeria that aims to provide clean water to rural communities that lack access to it. It also orients residents of rural communities on the importance of hygiene and sanitation. Learn More

Water supply initiative organization aim at provision of water by public, utilities, commercial organization, community endeavors or by individual usually through a system of pumps and pipes. To provide a safe and reliable supply of water to community, school To … Learn More

To democratise opportunities and sustainable practices in water, sanitation and hygiene positively for the most marginalised of communities in Africa Learn More

WaterStep responds to critical needs for safe water by evaluating and implementing solutions and teaching people to use those tools. WaterStep saves lives with safe water by empowering communities to take care of their own long-term water needs. We believe … Learn More

To provide sustainable water solution to all our clientele thereby developing strong team of consultants to provide good services to our clients through world class technology. Learn More

To implement sustainable programmes geared at empowering women and children morally and economically with access to good health services food and education. Learn More

Good Health Providing a safe and healthy environment Learn More

People With Purpose Our world is constantly changing. So it's reassuring to know that there are some things we can always trust to help us take the best possible care of ourselves and the ones we love. This trust inspires … Learn More

Weircapacity provides specialized services in the efficient management of water resources, with a focus on improving Human and Institutional Capacity Weircapacity Limited is an infrastructure and management consultancy company with expertise in advisory services for Water, Environment, and Infrastructure sectors. … Learn More

Projects in Nigeria

WaterAid Nigeria is working with the Federal Ministry of Water Resources, Clean Nigeria Campaign Secretariat and WASH Media Network to implement a robust media campaign to highlight the importance of clean water and hygiene behaviours like handwashing with soap, as … Learn More

Disaster outbreak which is associated with poor clean water, in research areas of Rafin Duma village, Dukamaje village respectively in Gada Local Government area Sokoto State. This project can assist the woman and children's survival in the study area Learn More

We are having regular discussions with the basin stakeholders to manage water use. We also make considerable infrastructure investments in our machinery and effluent treatment plant to secure proper water use and recycling. Finally we have an advanced water policy … Learn More

The purpose of this report is to outline the inadequate access to clean water supply and availability to sustainability management of water and sanitation on MUBUK community we conducted our research by asking a group of individual living in MUBUK … Learn More

This project delivers reliable, low-cost water treatment technologies to public and private schools in developing countries and finances its operation through carbon emission reductions resulting from the displacement of boiling water. Our partner Impact Water is a global social enterprise … Learn More

Project WET is currently active in more than 75 countries around the world through a network of partner organizations that range from small NGOs to major international corporations and organizations. We only go where we’re invited! We work with our … Learn More

Safe wash is a project designed to continously provide water to vulnerable communities by repairing existing water systems, we realised lots of Organisations install boreholes but don't came back to repair them. Safe wash ensures the water keep flowing. Learn More

The Water and Sanitation sector is highly unreliable and inadequate in Nigeria. There have been series of efforts and approaches (from Governments, Civil Societies or NGOs, Consulting Firms, Academia, Development Partners or Donors, Business or Private Sectors, Multilaterals, and Others) … Learn More

PROJECT GOALS Provide a poor Nigerian Child, school, village, health facility, communities, IDP camp with access to a sustainable source of safe and clean drinking water free of pathogenic micro-organisms that cause waterborne diseases. Provide the private sector organizations and … Learn More

Water treatment and laboratory practice. Water has been said to constitute over sixty percent of the entire earth structure, serving various needs of mankind. As water is needed by different communities and individuals for different purposes. Project Results The beneficiaries … Learn More

Our response strategy at this site has been to implement an overall water stewardship programme that includes targets specific to water stressed sites. The timeframe for this response strategy is the period of 2007 through 2020 - specifically, the site … Learn More

We have solid water reduction programme (opex and capex for water reusing and water reduction initiatives); we set long-term water reduction targets - for the time being these targets are till 2020 and will be extended. We built our Top … Learn More

Bangladesh is experiencing one of the worst humanitarian crises in history. Since August 2017, Bangladesh has seen an unprecedented influx of Rohingya refugees fleeing violence in MyanmarÕs Rakhine State. Among the nearly 1 million Rohingya refugees now residing in the … Learn More

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