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Area: 5888268 km2
Brazil; Peru; Suriname; France; Colombia; Guyana; Bolivia; Venezuela; Ecuador
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
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City & Country

Water-Related Challenge Costs

Total annual estimated cost to address all water-related challenges: $4,808,899,242.00

Share of total annual estimated cost to address each individual challenge (2015 $USD):

  • Access to Drinking Water: $1,021,472,895.00 - [21%]
  • Access to Sanitation: $818,922,489.00 - [17%]
  • Industrial Pollution: $164,899,442.00 - [3%]
  • Agricultural Pollution: $188,000,514.00 - [4%]
  • Water Scarcity: $1,814,120,695.00 - [38%]
  • Water Management: $801,483,207.00 - [17%]

For more about this data, see information on WRI’s Achieving Abundance dataset here.

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

Access to Water Supply and Water Services
Land Use Issues

Country Overview

1.1.1.WATER RESOURCES The renewable water resources are estimated at 29 km3, 22 km3 of surface water and 10 km3 of groundwater, while the common part between surface water and groundwater is estimated at 3 km3 / year. Surface resources are very unevenly distributed: the basins of Loukkos, Sebou and Oum Rbia meet 71.5 percent of national resources. However, groundwater resources are more evenly distributed over the territory. The average values of surface runoff mask important temporal irregularities. Indeed, the flow rates of ten across the country represent only 32 percent of normal. Of the total renewable water resources, potential resources mobilized in the technical and economic conditions today are estimated to 20.7 km3/year nearly 3 km3 of groundwater. In terms of non-conventional water resources, the potential of wastewater was estimated at nearly 500 million m3 in 2000 and should reach 1 500 million m3 in 2020. The wastewater reuse in Morocco, particularly for irrigation of agricultural land and green space above is experimental. Currently, the use of desalination of seawater and brackish groundwater demineralization for drinking water supply of cities and centers loss is limited to the Saharan areas of southern Morocco. It was about 7 million m3 in 2000, with a forecast of 51.4 million m3 in 2020. Mobilization of water resources is done with an important heritage hydraulic -104 large dams with a total capacity of 16 904 million m3 regulate 10 600 million m3 if taken individually and 9 billion m3 if considered in the hydraulic systems of their watersheds, is regulated by volume heard the guaranteed volume of 10 eight years. At these large dams, add 17 small and medium dams and 67 dams and small lakes with a total capacity of 9.9 million m3; -13 works of water transfers between river basins can deliver more than 2 700 million m3; -An extensive network of boreholes, wells and catchment sources agrees to mobilize 3 billion m3 of groundwater which 2.5 billion from the groundwater and 500 million from the deep aquifers. The exploitation of groundwater, currently identified and assessed, can raise 3166 million m3 per year, including 82.6 percent from groundwater and 17.4 percent from deep aquifers. Although there is overexploitation of global renewable groundwater, the level of exploitation differ widely between types of ground and between watersheds. On average, the rate of exploitation of groundwater is 114.1 percent and it ranges from 75.4 percent in the basin of Bouregreg to 179.6 percent in the Souss basin. The rate of exploitation of deep aquifers is 80.4 percent and 48.2 percent goes into the basin of Loukkos to 130.1 percent in the Tensift basin. Basin by the rate of exploitation of groundwater ranges from 63.7 percent in the basin of the Sebu and 179.6 percent in the Souss Massa. This tendency to over-exploitation of groundwater will only get worse and it is estimated that by 2020 the rate of exploitation of groundwater projected to reach 120.1 percent and 89.5 deep groundwater percent. 1.1.2.WATER USE Water demands for 2000 were $ 12 607 million m3, of which 11 010 million m3 for irrigation more than 87 percent of total demand, 1 237 million m3 for communities and 360 million m3 for industry. Of the total 12 607 million m³, 7 million were desalted water, 3,166 million ground water and 9434 million surface water. By 2020 these claims will amount to 15 690 million m3, of which 13 038 million m3 for irrigation or 83 percent of the total demand. The confrontation between the mobilized water resources and water demand of different sectors shows that the needs are being met and will also be in 2020. However, this overall assessment conceals wide disparities between watersheds, only basins Loukkos and Sebou be surplus and the other accusing structural deficits. The satisfaction of the demand for irrigation water consists of 76 percent of surface water and 24 percent groundwater. The use of groundwater is mainly practiced by the private irrigation sector, which accounts for over 66.7 percent of the total demand for irrigation groundwater or 84.9 percent of demand in this sector.

1.2.WATER QUALITY, ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH The greatest concern about the quality of water used or released by irrigation salinity. Of the 29 billion m3 of renewable water resources, 1.1 billion or 3.8 per cent have a salinity between 1 and 2 g/liter and 1 billion m3 or 3.4 per cent a rate greater than 2 g/liter. The salinity or alkalinity, sodium or magnesium, soil surveys want more than 150 000 ha of irrigated land and are usually the result of unsafe practices such as over-exploitation of groundwater, including coastal aquifers, the rise of the water resulting abuse of irrigation water, poor drainage due to lack of maintenance of sewerage and drainage, and non-controlling irrigation techniques, including surface irrigation. Various actual and potential negative effects on the environment are linked to irrigated agriculture. First spreading sometimes excessive nitrogen fertilizer, mainly in irrigated areas, leading to pollution of some aquifers: one considers that 10 percent of the nitrogen applied are driven out of the soil profile. In addition, withdrawals of water needed for irrigation, pollution resulting from the massive use of fertilizers and pesticides, and increasing the salinity of the medium are threats to fragile environments such as plans freshwater or brackish water, the bottom of rivers and oases. Also play an important role overexploitation of some aquifers, and the silting up of dams, which determined the loss since inception more than 10 percent of their total capacity. In terms of health, diseases such as malaria and schistosomiasis are still rampant in irrigated Country Overview - Morocco areas, despite the checks and preventive and curative measures implemented. The rapid growth of urban population causes an important phenomenon of urbanization poorly controlled in the peripheral areas of medium and large urban centers and at the expense of agricultural land generally more productive and easier to urbanize. This phenomenon irrigation schemes on the periphery of urban centers including the perimeters of large hydraulic Gharb, Tadla and Haouz market gardens and small and medium hydraulic located around the cities of Fez, Rabat, Salé, Meknes, Tetouan, Marrakesh and Casablanca. Just within the perimeter of Gharb estimated losses of irrigated land to more than 6000 ha equipped

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Organizations in Morocco

Agua de Sol, is an impact start-up currently developing the SunAir Fountain, which looks like a solar panel, but is rather a « water panel ». The panel captures moisture from the air at night thanks to a specific adsorbent … Learn More

Espace Associatif pour le développement participatif (E.A.D.P) est une coalition de 14 organismes sans but non lucratif fondée en 2013, basé à N°20 Appt N°1 tranche saghrinia zitoune Meknès, une ville marginalisée depuis longtemps située entre Rabat et Fez au … Learn More

Cummins is an American Fortune 500 corporation that designs, manufactures, and distributes engines, filtration, and power generation products. Learn More

To create and implement innovative, environmentally friendly wastewater treatment and reuse solutions for any situation anywhere in the world. System O)) are various certified wastewater treatment solutions in terms of performance by the United States, Canada, Europe, and many others. … Learn More

Flocean AS is dedicated to revolutionizing the desalination industry by deploying innovative subsea reverse osmosis systems that produce affordable and sustainable freshwater. Our main purpose is to offer eco-friendly, cost-effective solutions for freshwater supply. We are utilizing the naturally pressurized … Learn More

Conserve water and help secure water access in those areas at greatest risk: Implement tools to reduce the water footprint of our hotels Mitigate water risk through stakeholder collaboration to deliver water stewardship at basin level Collaborate to ensure adequate … Learn More

We develop agroforestry projects within the supply chains of companies (Insetting) and value water benefits, among others. We develop as well a Trees4Water valuation tool that we would like to share with your platform. WE REGENERATE ECOSYSTEMS TO IMPROVE LIVELIHOODS … Learn More

The Water Resilience Coalition, founded in 2020, is an industry-driven, CEO-led coalition of the UN Global Compact's CEO Water Mandate that aims to elevate global water stress to the top of the corporate agenda and preserve the world's freshwater resources … Learn More

Our Vision is widespread implementation of sustainable chemistry, driving innovations and best practices in textile, apparel and footwear industries to protect consumers, workers and the environment. Our Mission is to enable brands and retailers in the textile, apparel, and footwear … Learn More

Projects in Morocco

GIE Femmes du Rif is a Moroccan women cooperative that produces olive oil in the Rif region. Since 2011 they are planting olive and fruit trees to strengthen and diversify their production as well as offer an alternative to illicit … Learn More

In the High Atlas of Morocco, The Coca-Cola Foundation (TCCF), through its flagship program, Replenish Africa Initiative (RAIN) is contributing to protecting watersheds and improving livelihoods through the establishment of efficient irrigation systems for community nurseries and smallholder parcels. There … Learn More

Water resources continue to deteriorate despite the adoption of IWRM and some progresses in policies, laws, monitoring programmes, etc. Concurrently, poverty, inequality, social and environmental injustices still pervade the African continent. Fundamental shift in managerial attitude and policy is required … Learn More

The main goal of this project is to halt the loss of cultural practices that benefit biodiversity in cultural landscapes. Background As commonly known, biodiversity improves the functions of ecosystems and prevents their collapse when environmental changes happen, providing to … Learn More

To strengthen global portfolio experience sharing and learning, dialogue facilitation, targeted knowledge sharing and replication in order to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of GEF IW projects to deliver tangible results in partnership with other IW initiatives.Project ResultsThe GEF increment … Learn More

Water audits were conducted at the facility and water reduction measures had been identified, prioritized and implementation has begun. Water reuse opportunities have been evaluated. Upgrading of water systems were completed. Once is treated the effluent water from the water … Learn More

Bangladesh is experiencing one of the worst humanitarian crises in history. Since August 2017, Bangladesh has seen an unprecedented influx of Rohingya refugees fleeing violence in MyanmarÕs Rakhine State. Among the nearly 1 million Rohingya refugees now residing in the … Learn More

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