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Area: 5888268 km2
Brazil; Peru; Suriname; France; Colombia; Guyana; Bolivia; Venezuela; Ecuador
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
HydroBasin Level:
Baseline Water Stress:
Water Quality Stress:
Sanitation Access Stress:
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City & Country

Quick Info

2.56 out of 5
WWF Country Risk Score
118 out of 248 Countries
WWF Country Rank
Total Organizations: 3
Total Projects: 2
Priority SDGs: Increase Access to Water, Sanitation, Hygiene (SDG 6.1 & 6.2)
Water Quality (SDG 6.3)
Water Use Efficiency (SDG 6.4)
Integrated Water Resource Management (SDG 6.5)
Protect and Restore Ecosystems (SDG 6.6)
International Cooperation and Capacity Building (SDG 6.a)
Stakeholder Participation (SDG 6.b)
Water-Related Disaster Management (SDG 11.5)
Climate Resilience and Adaptation (SDG 13.1)
Priority Regions: Niger
Priority Industries: Manufacturing
Power generation
Organization Types:
International Organization
NGO / Civil Society
Profile Completion: 100%

Water-Related Challenge Costs

Total annual estimated cost to address all water-related challenges: $334,209,779.00

Share of total annual estimated cost to address each individual challenge (2015 $USD):

  • Access to Drinking Water: $139,221,877.00 - [42%]
  • Access to Sanitation: $121,673,247.00 - [36%]
  • Industrial Pollution: $7,558,669.00 - [2%]
  • Agricultural Pollution: $1,462,875.00 - [0%]
  • Water Scarcity: $8,591,481.00 - [3%]
  • Water Management: $55,701,630.00 - [17%]

For more about this data, see information on WRI’s Achieving Abundance dataset here.

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

No challenges found.

Country Overview

1.1.1.WATER RESOURCES The hydrographic network is made up of many rivers and ponds in the southern part of the country. It is divided into three main basins: •the Volta basin, which covers 63 per cent of the land in the centre and west and consists of the Mouhoun, Nakambé and Nazinon Pendjari rivers, which join in Ghana; •the Niger basin, which occupies 30 per cent of the country and drains the east and north before emptying into the Niger river; •the Comoé basin, which covers 7 per cent of the country and traverses the Ivory Coast before emptying into the Gulf of Guinea. The country has many wetlands, which occupy about 1,800km2. The average rainfall is 748mm for the whole country. Considering the common surface water and groundwater resources, the total internal renewable water resources are estimated to be 17.5km3/year. The renewable surface water resources are estimated to be 8km3/year. With the exception of those in the southwest, all the rivers of Burkina Faso are temporary. In dry years, this potential falls to 4.3km3/year. The total volume of renewable groundwater resources is around 9.5km3/year. However, according to the inventory of water resources prepared by the Ministry of Environment and Water in 2001, the fluctuations observed in the aquifer for 20 years indicate that there are no renewable groundwater resources in Burkina Faso.

1.1.2.WATER USE Total water withdrawals in 2000 amounted to 690 million m3 for irrigation and livestock (86 per cent of the total), 104 million m3 for domestic use (13 per cent) and 6 million m3 for industry (1 per cent).

1.2.WATER QUALITY, ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH Surface water in Burkina Faso usually contains little dissolved solids. The bacteriological contamination of water is linked in particular to farming and the presence of houses near water points. Surface water seems generally to be of fairly good quality. High concentrations of nitrates (more than 100mg/l) and chlorides are present in Mouhoun and Sourou regions. In some areas of the southeast, the salinity level is high but acceptable according to WHO standards. Dams and irrigation schemes, like natural aquatic environments, are magnets for people; this promotes the development of pathogens whose reproductive cycle depends on the proximity of human sources of water. A major problem for water-environment relations is the lack of an effective water policy to enforce the provisions of the Water Act No. 002-2001/AN. According to NERC (2002), as with many arid African countries, groundwater quality has been an issue of lower priority than groundwater availability and has hence received relatively little attention. Hence, few data exist on which to base an adequate assessment of the quality of the nation’s groundwater. From the data available, the groundwater from the basement rocks is typically fresh, with Ca-Mg-HCO3-dominant water types. Investigations suggest that pollution from contaminants such as nitrate is a common problem, especially in shallow groundwater sources. Arsenic has also been identified as a problem in some areas. The extent of the occurrence of higharsenic water is not known; recognized problems appear to be localized to one or two villages. Few other water-quality problems have been singled out as major issues Shallow groundwater has significant potential for being contaminated by pollutants from domestic (latrines, drains, waste tips) as well as agricultural and industrial sources. Groen et al. (1988) noted the presence of nitrates at concentrations above the WHO guideline value in several groundwater samples from tubewells and open dug wells in northwestern Burkina Faso. In a study of 168 tubewell samples, 15 per cent were found to have NO3-N concentrations greater than 10mg/l. In addition, of 123 samples of well water investigated, 36 per cent had concentrations above this value. The maximum observed concentration was 90mg/l (as N). Nitrate concentrations were highest in areas with increased housing density and were also elevated in groundwater downgradient of the housing areas (NERC, 2002). Increased nitrate was found to be accompanied by increased electrical conductivity, which suggests that the concentrations of many other major ions (notably chloride, sulphate, sodium, potassium) were likewise increased as a result of the pollutant inputs. High nitrate concentrations are likely to be a feature of shallow groundwaters in many areas of the country. The concentrations of ammonium and nitrite are less clear. Some exceedances above WHO guideline values are expected, though these are likely to be less common than exceedances of nitrate (NERC, 2002) Groundwater abstracted from the basement aquifers and overlying weathered horizons is for the most part likely to be fresh, based on data available from Birimian aquifers elsewhere (Smedley et al., 1995). However, Groen et al. (1988) found variable salinity in groundwater samples from their study of northwestern Burkina Faso. Electrical conductivity values were in the range 50- 2700µS/cm. The highest values observed are relatively saline and unsuitable for drinking. However, median values determined (270µS/cm and 370µS/cm respectively for dug wells and tubewells) indicate the presence of predominantly fresh groundwater. The salinity variations in groundwater from the sedimentary formations along the northwest and northern border areas of Country Overview - Burkina Faso Burkina Faso are not known (NERC, 2002).

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Organizations in Burundi

Approved by Ministerial Order n ° 530/719 of November 18, 1999, the ASSOCIATION FOR THE PROMOTION OF HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT "APSD" in the acronym, is a non-profit association. When it was created, the Burundian population suffered from a politico-socio-economic crisis … Learn More

Our mission is to provide complete water development services and affordable products, creating access to clean water. This includes a wide assortment of essential, sustainable, life-enhancing products and services to benefit people living in crisis. Our clients are mostly NGO's … Learn More

HYDROC is an association of independent consultants, -scientists and -engineers, providing water-related services through a network of national and international experts. Our concept uses the synergies of our combined expertise for the successful implementation of a variety of projects. Our … Learn More

Projects in Burundi

The hills of Murama and Ryabihira are located in the Rugari area of ​​the commune and province of Muyinga. The province of Muyinga located in the North-East of Burundi is classified among the regions under geographical depression where the altitude … Learn More

Project WET is currently active in more than 75 countries around the world through a network of partner organizations that range from small NGOs to major international corporations and organizations. We only go where we’re invited! We work with our … Learn More

Suggested Resources

View the full list of 300+ resources at the Water Stewardship Toolbox

With special attention to resources for utilities, this page lists relevant guidance around water and COVID-19. Learn More

Developers: American Water Works Association

This page seeks to help water sector professionals keep informed on the attributions of the COVID-19 virus and any measures needed to protect both workers and public health, in general. Learn More

In this Nature feature, Johan Rockstrom and co-authors argue that identifying and quantifying planetary boundaries that must not be transgressed could help prevent human activities from causing unacceptable environmental change. Learn More

Inform and strengthen your company’s water management strategies and allow your investors to evaluate current water management activities against detailed definitions of leading practice. Learn More

Developers: Ceres

This report presents analysis of the response data from a sample of 783 of the world’s largest publicly listed companies. The report is aimed at companies and investors seeking to understand how they can play their part in delivering a … Learn More

The Toolbox connects your business to the latest tools, guidance, case studies, datasets, and more most relevant to you based on your circumstances and interests. It features more than 250+ resources from dozens of organizations and is updated every week. Learn More

Developers: CEO Water Mandate, Pacific Institute

Includes Immediate steps, ongoing health measures that can be taken, and responsible business practice Learn More

Based on the major combat guidelines set by the São Paulo State Government, Sabesp is fully engaged to endure COVID-19 pandemic within its operation area, which means 374 municipalities located throughout São Paulo state and home to about 28 million … Learn More

Developers: Sabesp

Checklist for restoring water quality in buildings left unused for a long duration. Learn More

Developers: EPA Office of Wastewater Management

Best practices- Resources- Webinars on WASH/COVID-19 topics. Learn More

The Global Water Footprint Assessment Standard can be used to provide comparable quantification and robust analytics, helping corporations, governments, and researchers manage water resources and achieve greater water sustainability. Learn More

The Committee designed this document to guide the food industry and advise its sponsoring agencies in the implementation of HACCP systems. Learn More

Adapting to climate change, coupled with the need to address aging infrastructure, population growth, and degraded ecosystems, requires significant investment in natural and built water systems. These investments present a significant opportunity to support not only water, but to provide … Learn More

Developers: Pacific Institute

To help our partners in responding to this health crisis in their countries, we have compiled different resources and tools around COVID-19 and WASH, which include documents, videos, social media materials with messages on public health, webinar recordings, etc. Learn More

How to ensure the safety of staff and maintaining water quality in buildings with little or no use. Learn More

With private enterprises playing a critical role in contributing to the safety of their staff, it is important to change some of their core operations. This guide is meant as a stepping point to begin reopening with safety as a … Learn More

During an infectious disease outbreak, such as the current outbreak of COVID-19, small business owners must prepare for disruption in their business as well as prepare to protect their employees’ health and safety in the workplace. These steps are recommended … Learn More

How to ensure the safety of staff and maintaining water quality in buildings with little or no use. Learn More

SAVEh is the platform through which Ambev shares its water management system free of charge with other companies, which has helped to reduce more than 40% of the company’s water consumption in the last 13 years. This water efficiency tool … Learn More

Developers: Ambev S/A

The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Compass Business Tools inventory maps existing business tools against the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It allows you to explore commonly used business tools that may be useful when assessing your organization’s impact on the SDGs. Learn More

In response to the challenge of quantifying the business benefits, WaterAid, Diageo, GAP Inc., and Unilever have worked with PwC and ODI to develop a practical, step-by-step guide. The guide will help companies understand the business value of their WASH … Learn More

Developers: WaterAid

The Forest Stewardship Council created the Principles of Forest Stewardship as a worldwide standard to promote environmentally responsible, socially beneficial and economically viable management of the world’s forests. Learn More

The AWS Standard is a globally-applicable framework for major water users to understand their water use and impacts, and to work collaboratively and transparently for sustainable water management within a catchment context. Learn More

Developers: Alliance for Water Stewardship (AWS)

This report explores the possibilities of scaling a circular economy, given the reality of the global economy and the complexity of multi-tier supply chains. Learn More

Developers: World Economic Forum

ILO Sectoral Policies and Governance and Tripartism Departments present four self-training modules, which adapt existing ILO training tools on OSH to provide governments, workers and employers with the necessary skills to implement the general principles contained in relevant ILO instruments. … Learn More

Companies are increasingly setting and pursing ‘water balance targets’ as part of their water stewardship strategies. The seeming simplicity of balance goals can be attractive – “we will restore a volume of water equal to the amount our business consumes.” … Learn More

Developers: WWF

The Water Risk Filter can be used to assess and respond to water related risks for your own operations, suppliers, or growth plans. Learn More

Developers: WWF

Safely managed water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services are an essential part of preventing and protecting human health during infectious disease outbreaks, including the current COVID-19 pandemic. Learn More

WBCSD Learn More

CTCN; UNEP Learn More

CEO Water Mandate; Water Witness International; WaterAid; WBCSD Learn More

WBCSD Learn More

UNEP Learn More

IPIECA Learn More

CEO Water Mandate; Pegasys; Water Witness International; WWF Learn More

The World Bank Learn More

UNEP-DHI Learn More

WBCSD Learn More

UN Water Learn More

OECD Learn More

UNICEF; WHO Learn More

River Threat Netwrok Learn More

CEO Water Mandate; WWF Learn More

Swedish Textile Water Initiative Learn More

Alliance for Water Stewardship Learn More

WaterAid Learn More

CEO Water Mandate Learn More

CEO Water Mandate Learn More

McKinsey Learn More

Conservation International Learn More

U.S. General Services Administration Learn More

National Drought Mitigation Center Learn More

UNEP Learn More

USGS Learn More

UN Water Learn More

AT&T; EDF; Global Environmental Management Institute (GEMI) Learn More

Leonardo Rodriguez
Primary Contact  


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