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Viet Nam

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Area: 5888268 km2
Brazil; Peru; Suriname; France; Colombia; Guyana; Bolivia; Venezuela; Ecuador
Santa Cruz; Manaus; La Paz
HydroBasin Level:
Baseline Water Stress:
Water Quality Stress:
Sanitation Access Stress:
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Quick Info

2.79 out of 5
WWF Country Risk Score
83 out of 248 Countries
WWF Country Rank
Total Organizations: 14
Total Projects: 17
Priority SDGs: Increase Access to Water, Sanitation, Hygiene (SDG 6.1 & 6.2)
Water Quality (SDG 6.3)
Water Use Efficiency (SDG 6.4)
Integrated Water Resource Management (SDG 6.5)
Protect and Restore Ecosystems (SDG 6.6)
International Cooperation and Capacity Building (SDG 6.a)
Water-Related Disaster Management (SDG 11.5)
Sustainable Production (SDG 12.4)
Climate Resilience and Adaptation (SDG 13.1)
Priority Regions: Mekong
Priority Industries: Biotech, health care & pharma
Food, beverage & agriculture
Power generation
Organization Types:
International Organization
Multi-stakeholder Organization
NGO / Civil Society
Coalition / Consortium
Utility / Water Service Provider
Profile Completion: 73%

Water-Related Challenge Costs

Total annual estimated cost to address all water-related challenges: $10,021,689,844.00

Share of total annual estimated cost to address each individual challenge (2015 $USD):

  • Access to Drinking Water: $1,919,130,308.00 - [19%]
  • Access to Sanitation: $1,643,698,179.00 - [16%]
  • Industrial Pollution: $770,782,072.00 - [8%]
  • Agricultural Pollution: $432,779,170.00 - [4%]
  • Water Scarcity: $3,585,018,474.00 - [36%]
  • Water Management: $1,670,281,641.00 - [17%]

For more about this data, see information on WRI’s Achieving Abundance dataset here.

Water Challenges

As reported by organizations on the Hub.

Access to Water Supply and Water Services
Local Water Resource Governance
Physical water supply
Upstream Water Issues
Compliance with Local Regulations and Widely-Accepted Standards
Water Demand and Competition among Users

Country Overview

1.1.2.WATER USE The total annual water withdrawal for agriculture, industries and domestic purposes was estimated at 54.3km3 in 1990. The total domestic demand in 1990 was estimated at 2.0km3/yr for both urban and rural consumers. This volume for domestic water use was estimated at 1.3km3 in 1980 and was expected to reach 2.9km3 by 2000. National industrial demand was 1.5km3 in 1980, rising to 5.3km3 in 1990. It was expected to reach 16.0km3 in 2000. In 1980, agriculture used 35.0km3 of water. In 1990, agricultural water withdrawal was estimated at 47.0km3, or 86.5 per cent of the total water demand, of which some 6.5 million m3 was for livestock. The estimated water demand for agricultural purposes for 2000 was 60.5km3. It is estimated that 1.46 per cent of Vietnam’s water demand is met by groundwater. The balance comes from surface water sources such as rivers, lakes and reservoirs. Groundwater is mainly used for domestic water supply in urban areas. To date, no treatment facilities have been available in plants, factories and sewer systems before wastes are discharged into water bodies. In Hanoi, 300,000m3 of wastewater is discharged into the rivers per day.

1.2.WATER QUALITY, ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH Major environmental problems are: -logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices, which contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; -water pollution and overfishing, which threaten marine life populations; -groundwater contamination, which limits potable water supply -growing urban industrialization and population migration, which are rapidly degrading the environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. There is increasing evidence of pollution of Vietnam’s surface, ground and coastal waters. Although the quality of upstream river waters is generally good, downstream sections of major rivers reveal poor water quality and most of the lakes and canals in urban areas are fast becoming sewage sinks. Groundwater shows pockets of contamination and some salinity intrusion. Rapid urbanization and industrialization in coastal areas, port and marine transport development, expansion in coastal tourism, and an increase in the number of oil spills contribute to the deterioration of coastal water quality.

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Organizations in Viet Nam

CLEAN International mobilizes and evaluates innovative, environmentally sustainable solutions for clean water and sanitation through ongoing education, partnerships, and evaluation in order to save and improve lives. CLEAN International specializes in customizing projects to meet climate and water goals worldwide. … Learn More

Transforming a Billion Lives. We are a Singapore-based socially purposed company on a mission to "Transform a Billion Lives". We operate at the intersection of climate action, social impact, and capital efficiency. We design, operate and finance distributed infrastructure projects … Learn More

The Gap, Inc., commonly known as Gap Inc. or Gap, is an American worldwide clothing and accessories retailer. Our purpose is to be Inclusive, By Design. Gap Inc. includes apparel brands Gap, Old Navy, Banana Republic, and Athleta. Learn More

Gravity Water turns rain into safe water for schools in need. This approach helps strategic partners achieve net-zero water goals through metered rainwater offsetting while also providing safe drinking water access to students at schools in need. Learn More

HYDROC is an association of independent consultants, -scientists and -engineers, providing water-related services through a network of national and international experts. Our concept uses the synergies of our combined expertise for the successful implementation of a variety of projects. Our … Learn More

Our purpose is to provide Better Care for a Better World. People around the globe benefit from our products in their day-to-day lives, but we know that millions still lack access to basic products that could dramatically improve their quality … Learn More

For as long as nearly 70 years since its founding in 1949, Kurita Water Industries has been consistently operating in two areas of "water and the environment." To cater to diverse customer needs, the Kurita Group provides comprehensive solutions by … Learn More

· Climate change impact risk assessments, strategy, adaptation and proofing · Resilient cities / business · Water resources yield and supply assurance · Hydrology, specialising in Forest Hydrology (Professionally registered) · Flood modelling · Conceptual water supply planning · GIS … Learn More

Support and develop Pakistan as a central hub for developing a sustainable supply chain ecosystem with Halal standards. Making Pakistan a well-known Halal international hub that aligning United Nation’s 17 sustainable goals and promotes WAQF from Halal culture to contribute … Learn More

P4G – Partnering for Green Growth and the Global Goals 2030 – is a new initiative, commenced in 2018, with the ambition of becoming the world’s leading forum for developing concrete public-private partnerships at scale to deliver on the SDGs … Learn More

Planet Water Foundation is a US based, non-profit organization focused on bringing clean water to the world's most disadvantaged communities through the installation of community-based water filtration systems and the deployment of hygiene education programs. Planet Water projects are focused … Learn More

Wastewater treatment and reuse is the primary mission of Tankerwala. Apart from in-site recycling, transporting the treated water from water reclamation plants to construction sites and parks for irrigation on water trucks is the moat of the company. Learn More

To protect and improve the health and life quality of everyone in the water and air environment on the green beauriful planet Learn More

Our Vision is widespread implementation of sustainable chemistry, driving innovations and best practices in textile, apparel and footwear industries to protect consumers, workers and the environment. Our Mission is to enable brands and retailers in the textile, apparel, and footwear … Learn More

Projects in Viet Nam

We have worked with the University of California, the University of Arkansas and rice farmers in the Mississippi Delta, to develop an innovative farming technique called Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD), which uses 30% less water and reduces GHG emissions … Learn More

Wilmar Agro Vietnam Company Limited produces rice bran oil. The rice bran is procured from rice mills locally available and stabilized at a pelletization plant closer to the sources of rice bran (within 60 km) in Cai Be District.Wilmar Agro … Learn More

The project aims to increase the resilience of water companies in the Mekong Delta and in Ho Chi Minh City in view of impacts of climate change. In addition, the financial and environmental sustainability of the water utilities will be … Learn More

The textile project’s vision is “transforming the textile sector in Vietnam and engaging sectoral and environmental governance in order to bring social, economic and conservation benefits to the country and the entire Mekong region”. This vision will be achieved by … Learn More

This carbon offset project provides renewable energy in one of the poorest provinces of Vietnam. The construction of a mini hydropower plant supplies clean electricity to the national grid. The activity reduces the consumption of energy produced by coal, gas … Learn More

The IPEV Project addresses the chemical management and wastewater management related complexities in up to 17 Industrial Parks, and up to 140 individual suppliers located in these Industrial Parks in Ethiopia and Vietnam. Considering the existing situation of the chemical … Learn More

Facilitating the implementation of climate-resilient and low-carbon development aligned with national and global goals The NDC Action Project supports 10 partner countries to translate their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) into concrete sector strategies and actions ready for financing and implementation, … Learn More

Project WET is currently active in more than 75 countries around the world through a network of partner organizations that range from small NGOs to major international corporations and organizations. We only go where we’re invited! We work with our … Learn More

The primary source of water for the city of Bucaramanga, Colombia, is the Surata River, which originates in the Santurban High Andean Wetland. Approximately two million people depend on this fragile ecosystem, which is being affected by agricultural practices, formal … Learn More

Rainwater harvesting and education at schools in Vietnam, Malaysia and Taiwan all available to start at any time and scalable to meet specific goals. Learn More

In 2011, the CEO Water Mandate and UNEP worked with Levi, Nike, H&amp;M, and Nautica on a collective action project intended to improve corporate water management among apparel companies in Cambodia and Vietnam.The project’s overarching goal was to improve water … Learn More

It is estimated that one in five people are employed in global supply chains. Corporations have the potential to play an influential role in the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 6, “ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for … Learn More

The company sets up farmer support projects that teach farmers a range of good agricultural practices including improved irrigation techniques. We have partnered with drip irrigation providers to supply farmers with modern irrigation systems at a subsidized rate. We are … Learn More

Since 2017, six key partners have been working to build and deliver the Sustainable Rice Landscapes Initiative (SRLI) with an objective to increase the resource use efficiency and reduce climate change and other environmental impacts through the sustainable transformation of … Learn More

PVH is committed to working with its suppliers and other stakeholders to preserve water resources in communities where we work and live, particularly in high-risk river basins in those areas. Tommy Hilfiger’s work with WWF on the Taihu Water Stewardship … Learn More

A community-oriented initiative to improve the local water cycle and protect rice farms. Created in 2013 this project aims at: Reducing soil erosion and drought issues that affect local farmers Developing additional sources of income (fruits from trees, plantation management) … Learn More

The vision of the Resilient Asian Deltas (RAD) Initiative is that long term resilience of AsiaÕs delta systems is secured through unprecedented political and financial investment in Ôbuilding with natureÕ, which will protect and restore the natural river and coastal … Learn More

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