Assessing community and ecosystem vulnerability and readiness to potential climate change risks and impacts; developing and implementing strategies to mitigate risks (e.g. flood and drought management), or practices to adapt and respond to climate-related challenges (e.g., water conservation strategies). Adaptation includes adjusting economic activities, changing land and energy use practices, and reforms to the design and implementation of infrastructure.
Climate change increases water risks, such as; water scarcity, pollution, competition, and impact on water infrastructure. Increasing resilience is important to address such vulnerabilities, and benefits from governmental or institutional capacity to adapt and manage risk; a supportive regulatory and policy framework, and the ability to cope with changes at a local level. Engagement with stakeholders from all sectors in the community can help understand vulnerabilities, disseminate information and spur development of creative and effective mitigation and adaptation efforts to address climate change opportunities, risks, and impacts.
1Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry of the NAS of Ukraine, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University (Poland), The Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, VILNIUS GEDIMINAS TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY team. 2Macrosorb. LT, Vilnius, Lithuania